From the Labyrinth of the World to the Paradise of the Heart: Science and Humanism in UNESCO's Approach to Globalization
While there is ever-growing literature on the economic, cultural, and political aspects of globalization, there are no critical, up-to-date studies on its philosophical and ideological underpinnings. Vincenzo Pavone fills this gap in the literature by analyzing one of the most interesting actors operating on a global scale: the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). By discussing the relation between scientific humanism and the development of UNESCO, the author studies the relationship between UNESCO and the changes which have occurred in its self-perception, its identity, and its vision of globalization. The first part of the book discusses the emergence of scientific humanism among thinkers such as Bacon, Comenius, and the Puritan reformers, and goes on to detail its subsequent connection with the religious reformation proposed by positivists such as Saint-Simon, Comte, and Renan. Pavone also assesses the influence of both 17th and 19th century scientific humanism on the ideas of Julian Huxley, the founding father of modern scientific humanism and the first Director of UNESCO. In its second part, Pavone outlines and evaluates the role played by scientific humanism in the history of UNESCO by inspiring a conception of it as a truly global organization-a conception applicable to the first decade of its existence and revived after the end of the Cold War. The third part discusses the relationship between scientific humanism and UNESCO with respect to four of its programmes: the Management of Social Transformations Programme (MOST), the International Bioethics Committee (IBC), the Dakar Framework for Action, and the Culture of Peace Programme (CPP). Based on a universal reform of education, the creation of a system of global governance, and the philosophical appeal of a culture of peace based on science, humanism, and human rights, UNESCO's vision of globalization represents an intriguing example of how our global future has been conceived and, to some extent, realized.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Intergovernmental Vs Global UNESCO and its double identity
The Humanism of Development
UNESCO Scientific Humanism and Global Governance
Science and Humanism in UNESCOs programs
Scientific Humanism and the Discourse on Science and Peace
action activity actors adopted advancement affirmed aimed analysis approach belief Bioethics Cold War Comenius Comte concept Conference conflicts Constitution context countries Critical Discourse Analysis crucial cultural diversity culture of peace debate Declaration democratic diffusion Director discourses document economic elaborated emergence establishment evolutionary Executive Board explicitly focused framework genetic global civil society global ethics global governance human rights Humanist Manifesto humankind Huxley's ideas ideological IHEU implementation institutions intellectual interaction intergovernmental international cooperation international organizations Julian Huxley knowledge Maheu mankind Martha Finnemore Mayor mind moral nature NGOs normative original Paris parrhesia parrhesiast Peace Program perspective philosophy political pragmatic principles progress projects promotion Puritan re-evaluation relation religion religious role Rosicrucian Samuel Hartlib Sathyamurthy science and humanism scientific humanism scientific humanist scientists social specific speech spiritual syncretic tion tional traditional UNESCO Publishing universal reform utopia Via Lucis whilst Yamoussoukro