Fruit and Vegetables
IARC, 2003 - Health & Fitness - 376 pages
This handbook shows that approximately one in ten cancers in western populations is due to an insufficient intake of fruit and vegetables, a finding that should encourage all organizations as well as governments to continue efforts to increase or maintain fruit and vegetable intake as an important objective of programs to improve nutrition to reduce the burden of cancer and other chronic diseases.
The clearest evidence of a cancer-protective effect of eating more fruits is for stomach and esophageal cancers. Similarly, a higher intake of vegetables probably reduces the incidence of cancer of esophagus and colon-rectum. Fruit and vegetables contain many nutrients; they also contain other bioactive compounds that may influence many aspects of human biology and related disease processes.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Measuring intake of fruit and vegetables
Consumption availability and food policies
Mechanisms of cancer prevention
Associations with diseases other than
acid Adjustment Comments country alcohol antioxidant beans biomarkers breast cancer Brussels sprouts cabbage cancer Author cancer risk cancer-preventive carcinogen Case-control studies cohort studies colon colorectal colorectal cancer Comments country gender confounding Comments consumption and risk contd controls country gender assessment decreased dietary disease DMBA dose energy enzymes Epidemiol etables etal evaluable Exposure Range Relative F FFQ frequency fruit and vegetables fruit consumption garlic groups habitual diet Health Highest vs lowest Hospital-based human included increased intake of fruit inter intervention juice lncidence ltaly lung cancer lycopene Nutr Nutrition oesophageal cancer oral oxidative Population Population-based quercetin questionnaire Range Relative Stat rats relative risk reported Response rate risk 95 self-adminis servings/wk significant inverse association smoking stomach cancer studies of fruit sumption Table tion tomato total fruit trend when applicable trol tumour vegetable consumption vegetable intake vitamin