Fundamentalisms and Society: Reclaiming the Sciences, the Family, and Education

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University of Chicago Press, Mar 15, 1993 - Political Science - 592 pages
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The Fundamentalism Project
Edited by Martin E. Marty and R. Scott Appleby

Around the world, fundamentalist movements are profoundly
affecting the way we live. Misinformation and misperception
about fundamentalism exacerbate conflicts at home and abroad.
Yet policymakers, journalists, students, and others have
lacked any comprehensive resource on the explosive phenomenon
of fundamentalism. Now the Fundamentalism Project has
assembled an international team of scholars for a multivolume
assessment of the history, scope, sources, character, and
impact of fundamentalist movements within the world's major
religious traditions.

Fundamentalisms and Society shows how fundamentalist
movements have influenced human relations, education, women's
rights, and scientific research in over a dozen nations and
within the traditions of Islam, Judaism, Christianity,
Buddhism, and Hinduism. Drawn from the fields of
anthropology, sociology, history of religion, and history of
science, the contributors cover topics such as the
educational structures of Hindu revivalism, women in
fundamentalist Iran and Pakistan, and the creationist cosmos
of Protestant fundamentalism. In a concluding essay, William
H. McNeill situates contemporary fundamentalisms within a
world historical context.
The Fundamentalism Project, Volume 2

Martin E. Marty and R. Scott Appleby direct the
Fundamentalism Project. Marty, the Fairfax M. Cone
Distinguished Service Professor of the History of Modern
Christianity at the University of Chicago, is the senior
editor of the Christian Century and the author of
numerous books, including the multivolume Modern American
Religion, also published by the University of
Chicago Press. Appleby, a research associate at the
University of Chicago, is the author of “Church and
Age Unite!” The Modernist Impulse in American
Catholicism.
 

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Contents

Worldviews Science
5
Religious Fundamentalism and the Sciences
23
The Creationist Cosmos of Protestant
42
The Worldview of Sunni Arab
73
The Reconstruction
103
The Impact of Fundamentalisms on Women
129
Reshaping Personal Relations in Egypt
151
Women and
181
The New Religions Family and Society in
294
Fundamentalist Impact on Education and the
313
Islamic Fundamentalism in Iran and the
341
Jewish Fundamentalism in Israeli Education
374
Christian Fundamentalism and Education in
452
The Two Faces of Fundamentalist Higher
490
CHAPTER is Hindu Revivalism and Education in North
536
EPILOGUE Fundamentalism and the World of the 1990s
558

Building Fundamentalism from the Family
214
Plural Marriage and Mormon
240
List of Contributors
575
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