Fundamentalisms and the State: Remaking Polities, Economies, and Militance

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Martin E. Marty, R. Scott Appleby
University of Chicago Press, Jul 1, 1996 - Religion - 676 pages
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Do fundamentalisms tend toward political activism, and how
successful have they been in remaking political structures?
To answer this question, the contributors to this volume—
political scientists, historians of religion,
anthropologists, and sociologists—discuss the anti-
abortion movement, Operation Rescue in the United States, the
Islamic war of resistance in Afghanistan, Shi'ite
jurisprudence in Iran, and other issues. The volume
considers the effect that antisecular religious movements
have had over the past twenty-five years on national
economies, political parties, constitutional issues, and
international relations on five continents and within the
traditions of Islam, Christianity, Judaism, Buddhism,
Hinduism, and Sikhism. Marty and Appleby conclude with a
synthetic statement on the fundamentalist impact on polities,
economies, and state security.
The Fundamentalism Project, Volume 3

Martin E. Marty and R. Scott Appleby direct the
Fundamentalism Project. Marty, the Fairfax M. Cone
Distinguished Service Professor of the History of Modern
Christianity at the University of Chicago, is the senior
editor of the Christian Century and the author of
numerous books, including the multivolume Modern American
Religion, also published by the University of
Chicago Press. Appleby, a research associate at the
University of Chicago, is the author of “Church and
Age Unite!” The Modernist Impulse in American
Catholicism.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Remaking Polities
11
Introduction Fundamentalism and Politics
13
Fundamentalism and American Law
28
Fundamentalism Ethnicity and Enclave
50
Jewish Fundamentalism and the Israeli Polity
68
Shiite Jurisprudence and Constitution Making in the Islamic Republic of Iran
88
The Fundamentalist Impact on Law Politics and Constitutions in Iran Pakistan and the Sudan
110
Heirs to the Protestant Ethic? The Economics of American Fundamentalists
342
Buddhist Economics and Buddhist Fundamentalism in Burma and Thailand
367
The Economic Impact of Hindu Revivalism
410
Remaking the World through Militancy
427
Comparing Militant Fundamentalist Movements and Groups
429
Three Models of Religious Violence The Case of Jewish Fundamentalism in Israel
462
Afghanistan An Islamic War of Resistance
491
Militancy and Religion in Contemporary Iran
511

Fundamentalist Influence in Egypt The Strategies of the Muslim Brotherhood and the Takfir Groups
152
Islamic Taj did and the Political Process in Nigeria
184
The Nakshibendi Order of Turkey
204
Hindu Fundamentalism and the Structural Stability of India
233
Sikh Fundamentalism Translating History into Theory
256
Restructuring Economies
287
Fundamentalisms and the Economy
289
The Economic Impact of Islamic Fundamentalism
302
Hizbullah The Calculus of Jihad
539
Saving Americas Souls Operation Rescues Crusade against Abortion
557
Buddhism Politics and Violence in Sri Lanka
589
Conclusion Remaking the State The Limits of the Fundamentalist Imagination
620
List of Contributors
645
Index
649
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