Fundamentals of Respiratory Physiology
I. K. International Pvt Ltd, Jan 31, 2007 - Physiology - 150 pages
Many topics, including mechanism of actions of contractile agonists / beta adrenoceptor / nitric oxide on airway smooth muscle and maintenance of arterial carbon dioxide by oxygen and carbon dioxide dissociation curves have been highlighted. The book is going to be beneficial to both graduate and postgraduate students of Physiology and also students of Respiratory Medicine. Salient Features: Up-to-date coverage of respiratory physiology. Emphasizes the applied aspects. The clinical applications are highlighted at the appropriate places. Emphasizes the basic principles so as to enable students to understand the complex concepts. New coverage related to intermittent hypoxia, oxygen homeostasis, feedback control of oxygen supply to the tissues and more has been included. Summarizes the text with many illustrations / tables. Apart from MBBS students, other students who are preparing for examinations (MD, USMLE) will find the book useful.
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Structure and Function of the Respiratory System
Pulmonary Gas Exchange
Control of Respiration
Respiration under Normal and Abnormal Conditions
Pathophysiology of Certain Respiratory Disorders 125
40 mm Hg acidosis activity airway resistance alkalosis alveolar air alveolar pressure alveolar ventilation alveoli apnea apneustic center binding breathing bronchioles Ca2+ carbon dioxide carotid bodies causes chest wall chronic cm H2O compliance contraction of inspiratory cyanosis decrease Diffusion capacity dissociation curve dyspnea effect emphysema epithelium fibrosis fluid forced expiration functional residual capacity glomus cells H+ concentration hemoglobin high altitude hyperventilation hypoxemia hypoxic hypoxia increases inhalation inhibits respiration inspiration inspiratory muscles intrapleural intrapleural pressure K+ channels less Low PaCO2 lowering of PaCO2 lung volume membrane molecules mucus nerve neurons nitrogen normal obstruction oxygen PaO2 partial pressure PCO2 peripheral chemoreceptors pneumotaxic center protein pulmonary artery pulmonary blood flow pulmonary capillaries pulmonary ventilation receptors release residual volume respiratory center ribs smooth muscle spirometer stimulates respiration surface tension surfactant thorax Tidal volume tissues total lung capacity transpulmonary pressure Type II cells vagi vascular ventilation-perfusion ratio vital capacity