Fundamentals and Applications of Nanomaterials

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Artech House, 2009 - Nanostructured materials - 249 pages
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Supported by over 90 illustrations, this timely resource offers you a broad introduction to nanomaterials, covering basic principles, technology, and cutting-edge applications. From quantum mechanics, band structure, surface chemistry, thermodynamics, and kinetics of nanomaterials, to nanomaterial characterization, nanoparticle synthesis, nanoelectronics, NEMS, and Nano-Bio materials, this groundbreaking volume offers you a solid understanding of a wide range of fundamental topics and brings you up-to-date with the latest developments in the field.
 

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Contents

Reference
106
Nanolithography TopDown Approach
107
611 Parallel Replication
108
612 Serial Writing
110
622 3D Patterning via NIL
111
624 Sequential EmbossingImprinting Lithography SEIL
113
63 AFM Lithography
114
631 Scratching and Nanoindentation
115

131 De Broglies Hypothesis and Electrons as Waves
11
132 Time Independent Schrodinger Equation
12
1322 1D Schrodinger Equations
13
133 Free Electrons
16
14 Electrons in Potential Well
17
142 3D Infinite Potential Well
19
15 Atomic Structure and the Periodic Table
21
152 The Helium Atom
22
153 The Periodic Table
23
Bonding and Band Structure
25
LCAO Theory
26
221 TwoAtom Molecule
29
222 ThreeAtom Molecule
31
224 SixAtom Molecule Benzene Ring
32
225 ManyAtom Molecule
34
Band Theory
35
231 Energy Band in Solids
36
232 Partially Filled Energy Band for Metals
37
233 Energy Band for Insulators and Semiconductors
38
24 Bonding and Band Structures in Nanocrystal Materials
40
241 TopDown Method for Quantum Wells and Dots
41
242 BottomUp Method for CarbonBased Nanocrystals
44
References
47
Surface Science for Nanomaterials
49
312 Crystallography
50
313 ClosePacked Directions Planes and Structures
51
32 Surface Crystallography
55
322 Surface Structure for BCC Structures
56
323 Surface Symmetry
57
331 Crystallographically Preferred Surface
59
34 Surface Reconfigurations
61
341 Surface Relaxation and Reconstructions
62
342 Adsorption
67
35 Surface Area and Surface Thermodynamics
68
351 Surface Area in Nanomaterials
69
352 Nanoparticle Nucleation
70
353 Wetting
71
References
73
Nanomaterials Characterization
75
411 XRay Diffraction and the Laue Method
76
412 Braggs Law
77
413 XRay Diffraction in Nanomaterials
78
42 Electron Microscopy for Nanomaterials Characterization
80
421 Interaction Between Electron Beams and Solids
81
422 Transmission Electron Microscope TEM
83
423 Scanning Electron Microscope SEM
86
424 Scanning Probe Microscope SPM
87
43 Surface Analysis Methods
89
431 Auger Electron Spectroscope AES
90
433 Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscope SIMS
91
Nanomaterials Fabrication
93
ThinFilm Deposition TopDown Approach
95
512 Heterogeneous Film Growth Mechanisms
97
52 ThinFilm Deposition Methods
99
521 Physical Vapor Deposition PVD
100
522 Chemical Vapor Deposition CVD
102
64 Polymer Pen Lithography PPL
119
65 Templated SelfAssembly of Block Copolymers
122
References
126
Synthesis of Nanoparticles and Their SelfAssembly BottomUp Approach
129
711 Coprecipitation
130
712 SolGel Process
132
713 Microemulsions
135
714 HydrothermalSolvothermal Methods
136
715 Templated Synthesis
138
72 SelfAssembly of Nanoparticles
140
722 Electrostatic Assembly
141
723 ShapeSelective Assembly
142
724 Hydrophobic Assembly
144
726 Collective Properties of SelfAssembled Nanoparticles
146
73 Conclusion
147
III Nanomaterials Properties and Applications
151
Nanoelectronic Materials
153
811 SingleElectron Capacitor
154
812 Operating Principles for SETs
158
813 Quantum Effect on SETs
162
814 Fabrication of SETs
165
8143 NanoparticleBased SET
167
8145 Phase TransformationBased SET
168
82 Carbon NanotubeBased Nanoelectronic Device
170
8212 Band Structure of CNT
171
822 Fabrication of CNTs
173
823 CNTBased Devices
175
8232 CNT Transistor
176
83 Spintronics
178
832 Spintronics Devices
180
8322 Spin Field Emission Transistor SFET
181
8323 Magnetoresistive Random Access Memory MRAM
182
References
184
Nano Biomaterials
187
92 Biomimetic Nanotechnology
188
922 Structural Biomimicry
191
93 Nanostructures in Biodiagnostics
198
931 NanoparticleBased Detection Methods
200
932 Nanowire and NanotubeBased Detection Methods
201
94 Nanostructures in Cells Study
202
95 Tissue Engineering and Drug Delivery
205
References
206
Nanostructural Materials
209
1011 Why Grain Refinement?
210
102 Nanoindentation
213
1021 Principles of Nanoindentation
214
10221 NanograinSized Al Films on Si Substrate
216
10223 TiNMgO Thin Films
217
103 Mechanical Instability of Nanostructures
219
1032 Buckling of Spheroidal CoreShell Structures
224
1033 Buckling of Nanobeams
225
1034 Collective Buckling Model for Periodic Array of Nanostructures
229
References
235
About the Authors
239
Index
241
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