Fundamentals of Atmospheric Physics

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Elsevier, May 23, 1996 - Science - 627 pages
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Fundamentals of Atmospheric Physics emphasizes the interrelationships of physical and dynamical meteorology. The text unifies four major subject areas: atmospheric thermodynamics, hydrostatic equilibrium and stability, atmospheric radiation and clouds, and atmospheric dynamics. These fundamental areas serve as cornerstones of modern atmospheric research on environmental issues like global change and ozone depletion. Physical concepts underlying these subject areas are developed from first principles, providing a self-contained text for students and scholars from diverse backgrounds.

The presentation is Lagrangian (single-body problems) in perspective, with a balance of theory and application. Each chapter includes detailed and extensive problems; selected answers are provided, as are appendices of various constants. The text requires a thorough foundation in calculus.

  • Presents a comprehensive introduction to atmospheric thermodynamics, hydrostatics, radiation and clouds, and dynamics
  • Develops concepts from first principles, providing a self-contained volume for readers from diverse backgrounds
  • Emphasizes the interaction of physical processes shaping global problems of atmospheric energetics, transport, and chemistry
  • Provides a balance of theory and applications, with examples drawn from a wide range of phenomena figuring in global atmospheric research
  • Extensively illustrated with global satellite imagery and analyses and photographs of laboratory simulations
  • Exercises apply to a wide range of topical problems
 

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Contents

Chapter 1 A Global View
1
Chapter 2 Thermodynamics of Gases
55
Chapter 3 The Second Law and Its Implications
79
Chapter 4 Heterogeneous Systems
99
Chapter 5 Transformations of Moist Air
117
Chapter 6 Hydrostatic Equilibrium
143
Chapter 7 Hydrostatic Stability
166
Chapter 8 Atmospheric Radiation
198
Chapter 16 Hydrodynamic Instability
517
Chapter 17 The Middle Atmosphere
536
Conversion to SI Units
577
Thermodynamic Properties of Air and Water
578
Physical Constants
579
Vector Identities
580
Curvilinear Coordinates
581
PseudoAdiabatic Chart
583

Chapter 9 Aerosol and Clouds
258
Chapter 10 Atmospheric Motion
321
Chapter 11 Atmospheric Equations of Motion
341
Chapter 12 LargeScale Motion
371
Chapter 13 The Planetary Boundary Layer
405
Chapter 14 Atmospheric Waves
426
Chapter 15 The General Circulation
486
References
587
Answers to Selected Problems
595
Index
603
International Geophysics Series
625
Color Plate Section
629
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About the author (1996)

Murry L. Salby is a climate scientist and former chair of climate at Macquarie University, where he worked from 2008 to 2013. He has written two textbooks, Fundamentals of Atmospheric Physics (1996), and Physics of the Atmosphere and Climate (2011), the latter building on his first book, offers an overview of the processes controlling the atmosphere of Earth, weather, energetics, and climate physics. He has also authored over a hundred referenced articles in scientific journals.

Salby got his Bachelors in aerospace engineering in 1973, and his PhD in environmental dynamics from Georgia Tech in 1978, including a Sigma Xi: The Scientific Research Society doctoral research award. He began as an assistant professor at University of Colorado Boulder's Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences in 1984, became an associate professor in 1985, and professor in 1991, gaining tenure in 1998, before resigning in 2007. He has also held positions as a visiting professor and scientist at institutions in the U.S., Sweden, Australia, France, and Israel. He became professor of environmental science at Macquarie University, and worked there from 2008-2013.

1978-1980. Fellow, Advanced Study Program, National Center for Atmospheric Research. Independent research.

1980-1982. Scientist, Global Observations, Modeling and Optical Techniques Project, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Pure and applied research in conjunction with remotely sensed fields derived from Nimbus-6 LRIR, and Nimbus-7 LIMS. See High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder.

1982-1984. Visiting scientist, Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Program, Princeton University. Independent research.

1984-1985. Assistant professor, Department of Astrophysical, Planetary, and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Colorado.

1985-1990. Associate professor, Department of Astrophysical, Planetary, and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Colorado.

1986-1999. Director, Center for Atmospheric Theory and Analysis, University of Colorado.

1988-2002. Affiliate scientist, Atmospheric Systems and Analysis.

1987. Visiting professor, Meteorological Institute, University of Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.

1990-1991. Lady Davis visiting professor, Department of Atmospheric Science, Institute of Earth Sciences, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.

1991-2007. Professor, Department of Astrophysical, Planetary, and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Colorado.

1997. Visiting senior scientist, Centre Nationale Researches Scientifique/University of Paris, Paris France.

1998. Visiting scientist, Bureau of Meteorology Research Center, Melbourne Australia.

2000. Visiting scientist, Center for Ocean Land and Atmosphere, Washington DC.

2007. Visiting scientist, Bureau of Meteorology Research Center, Melbourne Australia.

2008-2013. Professor of Environmental Science, Macquarie University.

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