Fundamentals of Roman Private Law
Roman law forms a vital part of the intellectual background of many legal systems currently in force in Continental Europe, Latin America, East Asia and other parts of the world. Knowledge of Roman law, therefore, constitutes an essential component of a sound legal education as well as the education of the student of history. This book begins with a historical introduction, which traces the evolution of Roman law from the earliest period of Roman history up to and including Justinian's codification in the sixth century AD. Then follows an exposition of the principal institutions of Roman private law: the body of rules and principles relating to individuals in Roman society and regulating their personal and proprietary relationships. In this part of the book special attention is given to the Roman law of things, which forged the foundations for much of the modern law of property and obligations in European legal systems. Combining a law specialist's informed perspective with a historical and cultural focus, the book provides an accessible source of reference for students and researchers in many diverse fields of legal and historical learning.
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Chapter 2 The Law of Persons
Chapter 3 The Law of Property
Chapter 4 The Law of Obligations
Chapter 5 The Law of Succession
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acquired action agreement became bona fide bonorum buyer causa century BC claim classical law condictio Consider constitution contract creditor culpa damage debt debtor defendant delict dolus dominus edict emperor emphyteusis Empire enactment enforce entailed example exceptio existed fideicommissum formal formula Furthermore Gaius granted heir hypothec imperial important inheritance Inst instituted interdicts interdictum iuris ius civile ius gentium judge jurists land later law of Justinian law of obligations legacy legal act legis actio legislation lex Aquilia liable magistrate mancipatio mancipi manu manu marriage marriage means noted object obligation original owner ownership pactum paterfamilias performance period person plaintiff possession possessor potestas praetor praetorian principal private law procedure quasi-contract recognized referred regarded rei vindicatio relevant remedy republican respect Roman citizens Roman law rules seller senate servitude slave stipulatio sui iuris surety term testator testator’s thing third party transaction transfer Twelve Tables usucapio usufruct