Fundamentals of Short-range FM Radar

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Artech House, 2003 - Electronic books - 289 pages
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Contents

Introduction to FrequencyModulated ContinuousWave Radar
3
12 EXAMPLES OF USE OF FMCW RADAR
5
122 LevelMeasuring Radar
6
124 Vehicle Collision Warning Systems
7
125 Precision Range Meter for Fixed Targets
8
126 Measurement of Very Small Motions
9
Basic Theory of ShortRange FM Radar
11
22 TYPICAL BLOCK DIAGRAM OF SHORTRANGE FM RADAR
13
644 Condition of SelfExcitation of Oscillators with Inertial Active Elements
148
645 Order of the Characteristic Equation and the Sign of the Factor at the Upper Derivative
149
References
150
Analysis of FM Systems Using Symbolical Abbreviated Equations
151
72 METHOD OF SYMBOLICAL ABBREVIATED EQUATIONS FOR FM SYSTEMS
156
73 DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS OF SOME FM SYSTEMS
159
732 Differential Equations of a Parallel Dissipative LC Circuit with Variable Capacitance and an Active TwoPole
161
74 ABBREVIATED DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS OF SINGLETUNED OSCILLATORS WITH SINUSOIDAL FM
162

222 Circuit with Nonzero Intermediate Frequency and Complex Frequency Modulation
14
223 System with a Single TransmittingReceiving Antenna
15
224 Autodyne System with a Single Antenna
16
24 GENERAL RELATIONSHIPS FOR THE CONVERTED SIGNAL WITH MODULATION BY A PERIODIC FUNCTION
19
25 GENERAL RELATIONS FOR A CONVERTED SIGNAL WITH DUALFREQUENCY MODULATION
22
26 GENERAL RELATIONS FOR A CONVERTED SIGNAL WITH MODULATION BY A MODULATED PERIODIC FUNCTION
24
27 BLOCK DIAGRAMS OF ULTRASONIC SRR AND FEATURES OF THE CONVERTED SIGNAL
25
Characteristics of the Converted Signal with Different Transmitter Modulations
27
312 Dual Sinusoidal Modulation
31
32 LINEAR FREQUENCY MODULATION
33
322 Modulation with NonIsosceles and Symmetrical Sawtooth Functions
39
33 DISCRETE MODULATION
42
34 EFFECTS OF TRANSMITTER MODULATION NONLINEARITY ON CONVERTED SIGNAL PARAMETERS
45
Integrated Methods of Converted Signal Processing
49
TRANSMISSION ON OPERATION OF THE SRR RECEIVER
52
422 Methods of Decreasing PAM Signal Effects on Receiver Operation
54
43 STABILIZATION OF THE FREQUENCY DEVIATION
59
44 FREQUENCY PROCESSING OF THE CONVERTED SIGNAL
63
442 Measuring of the Instantaneous Frequency
65
443 Fixing the Instantaneous Frequency of the Converted Signal
67
444 Use of the Frequency Deviation of the Converted Signal
68
445 Applying Dual Sinusoidal Modulation
71
446 SingleAntenna Version with Zero Intermediate Frequency
75
447 Fixing the Frequency Deviation of the Converted Signal
76
45 PHASE PROCESSING OF THE CONVERTED SIGNAL
81
References
88
Spectral Methods of Processing the Converted Signal
89
52 RANGE RESOLUTION
93
53 RADAR SCAN OF RANGE
99
54 SPECTRAL PROCESSING USING THE PARASITIC AM SIGNAL
109
55 SIGNAL PROCESSING ON SEPARATE COMPONENTS OF THE CONVERTED SIGNAL SPECTRUM
111
552 Phase Processing of Separate Components of the Converted Signal Spectrum
113
References
122
Part II
123
Analysis of Constant Frequency Oscillators
125
61 RULE FOR OBTAINING THE ABBREVIATED EQUATIONS
126
62 SUBSTANTIATION OF THE SAE METHOD
129
63 EXAMPLES OF DERIVING THE ABBREVIATED EQUATIONS
133
632 SingleTuned Oscillator with Automatic Bias
137
64 GENERAL ABBREVIATED AND CHARACTERISTIC EQUATIONS OF ANISOCHRONOUS OSCILLATORS
140
641 Abbreviated Equations of Anisochronous Oscillators
141
642 Stationary Modes of the Oscillator
144
643 General Characteristic Equation of the Anisochronous Oscillator
145
75 PARASITIC AMPLITUDE MODULATION IN AUTODYNES FOR VARIOUS TYPES OF FREQUENCY MODULATION
165
751 Sine Wave Frequency Modulation
169
752 Binary Frequency Modulation
170
754 Frequency Modulation with a Symmetrical Sawtooth
171
References
172
Output Voltage of a FrequencyControlled Oscillator
173
81 CHANGE OF OUTPUT VOLTAGE FOR OSCILLATORS TUNED DISCRETELY IN TIME
174
82 PARASITIC AMPLITUDE MODULATION OF OSCILLATIONS IN IDEAL SINGLETUNED CIRCUITS WITH MODULATION OF THEIR NA...
180
83 PARASITIC AMPLITUDE MODULATION OF OUTPUT VOLTAGE IN SINGLETUNED OSCILLATORS WITH FREQUENCY MODULATION
183
84 USE OF A VARICAP AS THE FREQUENCY CONTROLLER
193
References
200
Nonlinearity and Linearization in Varactor Control of FM Oscillators
201
91 NONLINEARITY OF FREQUENCY DEPENDENCE OF SINGLETUNED OSCILLATORS ON CONTROL VOLTAGE OF THE VARACTOR WI...
203
92 NONLINEAR DISTORTIONS WITH FREQUENCY MODULATION USING VARACTORS
209
921 Nonlinear Distortions for Capacitor Coupling of the Varactor to the Oscillator Circuit
210
922 Nonlinear Distortions for Autoinductive Coupling of the Varactor to the Oscillator Circuit
212
923 Nonlinear Distortions in the Case of a SingleTuned Oscillator Circuit with Allowance for RF Voltage on the Varactor
213
93 LINEARIZATION OF DEPENDENCE OF OSCILLATOR FREQUENCY ON CONTROL VOLTAGE
215
94 CALCULATION OF DIODERESISTIVE CORRECTION CIRCUITS
221
95 DECREASING THE NONLINEAR DISTORTION OF THE FM SIGNAL WITH A CORRECTING SIGNAL
223
Theory of the SingleTuned Transistor Autodyne and Optimization of Its Modes
227
101 ABBREVIATED DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS FOR THE SINGLETUNED TRANSISTOR AUTODYNE
228
102 LINEARIZED DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS OF AUTODYNES FOR SMALL REFLECTED SIGNALS
231
103 EQUIVALENT CIRCUITS OF AUTODYNES FOR SMALL REFLECTED SIGNALS
233
104 THE FORM AND SPECTRUM OF THE OUTPUT SIGNAL OF A SINGLETUNED TRANSISTOR AUTODYNE
234
105 FORM AND SPECTRUM OF THE HIGHFREQUENCY SIGNAL FROM AN FM TRANSISTOR AUTODYNE
239
106 TRANSFER FACTORS OF AN AUTODYNE ON A VOLTAGE AND A CURRENT AND MODE OPTIMIZATION
242
1062 The HighFrequency Case
246
1063 Choice of Mode with High Autodyne Sensitivity
247
References
248
Autodyne Modes of Transistor Oscillators with Strong Interference
249
111 THE COMMON PROPERTIES OF AUTODYNE MODES OF THE SINGLETUNED SYNCHRONIZED OSCILLATOR
250
1112 Abbreviated Equations in Normalized Parameters
252
1113 SteadyState Synchronous Modes
255
1114 Transients at Synchronism
257
1115 Bifurcational Diagrams of a Transistor Autodyne
260
112 TRANSFER FACTOR OF AN AUTODYNE SUBJECT TO SYNCHRONOUS JAMMING
263
113 BIFURCATIONS OF PERIODIC VARIATIONS IN THE SYNCHRONIZED AUTODYNE
269
References
273
List of Symbols
275
About the Authors
281
Index
285
Copyright

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About the author (2003)

Served as a professor at the Moscow Power Engineering Institute, where he earned a Ph.D. in radiolocation and radionavigation. Now retired, his recent work involves conversion directions of short radar systems development.

Is the head of the radio receivers department, full professor, and deputy director of the Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics at the Moscow Power Engineering Institute. He earned his Ph.D. in theoretical radio engineering at the Moscow Power Engineering Institute and his Doctor of Sciences degree in radar and navigating systems at the Moscow State University of Civil Aviation Engineers.

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