Fundamentals of Space Biology: Research on Cells, Animals, and Plants in Space

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Gilles Clément, K. Slenzka
Springer Science & Business Media, Oct 28, 2006 - Science - 376 pages
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Fundamentals of Space Biology is the third textbook addressing Space Life Sciences in this Space Technology Library series. The first of these books focused on the psychological and psychiatric issues that affect people who live and work in space (Volume 16, Space Psychology and Psychiatry). The second book described the physiological and medical issues of living in a space environment (Volume 17, Fundamentals of Space Medicine). The objective of this third book was to review the effects of spaceflight on less complex biological systems, from single cells to animals and plants. Indeed, to better understand the changes at the function level, it is necessary to comprehend the changes at cellular and tissue levels. Studies of cell cultures, for example, allow the investigation of the indirect effects of gravity; i.e., those which occur not because of changes in the stimulation of dedicated gravity-sensing organs, but because of the new physical properties resulting from the reduction in gravitational force within the cell.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION TO SPACE BIOLOGY
1
2 Gravitational Biology
13
3 Development Biology
25
4 Plant Biology
36
5 Radiation Biology
41
6 Biotechnology
43
7 References
49
ANIMALS AND PLANTS IN SPACE
51
3 Organ Development
182
34 Other Organs
196
5 Research Perspectives
216
6 References
219
PLANT DEVELOPMENT IN MICROGRAVITY
227
2 The Response of Plants to a Change in the Direction of Gravity
229
Gravitropism in Actual and Simulated Microgravity
240
4 The Role of Gravity in Plant Development
252

2 Organisms Studied in Space
62
Model Organisms
64
4 The Classics
73
Conclusion
78
References
79
FACILITIES FOR GRAVITATIONAL BIOLOGY
81
2 Issues in Conducting Space Biology Experiments
97
3 Space Biology Facilities
101
343 Microscopes
116
5 References
119
CELL BIOLOGY
121
1 Introduction
122
2 Critical Questions in Cell Biology
128
222 Biochemistry
134
33 Conclusions
161
Outlook
163
6 References
167
ANIMAL DEVELOPMENT IN MICROGRAVITY
171
1 Introduction
172
2 Fertilization and Embryonic Development
173
5 Development of Plants in Actual and Simulated Microgravity
259
6 Plants and the Space Environment
273
7 Conclusions
276
8 References
282
RADIATION BIOLOGY
291
2 The Radiation Field in Space
295
3 Basic Radiation Biology
298
4 Results of RadioBiological Studies in Space
306
5 Radiation Dosimetry in Space
320
6 Radiation Protection Considerations
326
7 Summary and Conclusions
330
8 Open Questions and Outlook
331
9 References
334
BIOTECHNOLOGY IN SPACE
337
2 Cell Culture
338
3 Protein Crystal Growth
344
4 Space Commercialization
356
5 References
360
Index
363
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About the author (2006)

Gilles Clement is a horticultural engineer, landscape designer, gardener, and writer. Philippe Rahm is an architect based in Paris and Lausanne. Giovanna Borasi is an architect and curator of Contemporary Architecture at the Canadian Centre for Architecture in Quebec.

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