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History of Laparoscopic Surgery
Operating Room SetUp
3 other sections not shown
abdominal cavity abdominal wall allows anesthesia anesthetic angle appendectomy arterial assisting bile duct injuries bipolar bleeding blood vessels bowel cable camera cannula carbon dioxide cautery clip applier coagulation colectomy colon complications cystic duct dissection dissector electrocautery electrode electrosurgery electrosurgical endoscopic equipment esophagus exposure flow grasped grasper handle Hasson hernia incision inserted instru insufflator jaws laparo laparoscopic appendectomy laparoscopic cholecystectomy laparoscopic instruments laparoscopic procedures laparoscopic surgery laparotomy laser lens light source linear cutter liver loop lumen mechanical ment minimally invasive surgery mmHg monitor monopolar Obstet open surgery operating field operating room patient performed peritoneal peritoneum placed pneumoperitoneum position postoperative problem pulled resection result retraction retractor reusable risk rotation scissors scope scopic set-up shaft signal square knot sterile Surg Endosc Surg Laparosc Endosc surgeon surgeon's knot surgical suture switch T-fasteners technique thoracoscopic tion tissue traction Trendelenburg position trocar tubing ultrasound usually Veress needle