Fundamentals of Palaeobotany
Springer Netherlands, Apr 16, 1987 - Juvenile Nonfiction - 432 pages
There have been at least ten English-language textbooks of palaeobotany since D. H. Scott published the first edition of Studies inFossilBotany in 1900. Most have been written by scientists who were primarily botanists by training, and were aimed largely at a readership familiar with living plants. They tended to follow a general pattern of an introductory chapter on preservation of plants as fossils, followed by a systematic treatment, group by group. Only Seward in his Plant Life Through the Ages departed from this pattern in presenting a chronological sequence. In the present book, Meyen breaks with?is tradition. Although having a basically biological approach, he reaches out into all aspects of the history of plant life and the wider implication of its study. Only half of the present work deals sequentially with fossil plant groups, treated systematically. The remainder then explores those topics which most other textbooks have incidentally??e generally either ignored or have only mentioned rather problems of naming and classifying fragmentary plant fossils, their ecology; biogeography and palaeoclimatic significance and the contribution that?ey have made to the understanding of living plant morphology, and of the process of evolution.
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Fossil plants systematics
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acritarchs affiliated affinities algae angiosperms apex apical Archaeopteris arranged assemblages assigned associated axes axillary axis belong bracts branching Cainozoic Carboniferous characters cladosperms climate conifers Cretaceous cross-section cupule cuticle Devonian dichotomous distal epidermal Equatorial Euramerian eutaxa evolution exine extant families ferns fertile flora forms fossil fronds fructifications genera genus ginkgos Gondwana groups guard cells gymnosperms higher plants integument Jurassic known Krassilov lamina layer leaf trace leaves lobes Lower lycopsids megaspores Mesozoic Meyen microspores microsporoclads microsporophylls microstrobili Middle miospores morphological occur organs palaeobotanical Palaeogene Palaeozoic parataxa Peltaspermales Permian petioles phylogenetic phytochoria pinnae pinnules pollen polysperms probably protostelic protoxylem radial reconstruction Scale bar secondary wood seed scale seed stalks similar slit species sporangia sporangiophores sporangium spores sporophylls stem sterile stomata stratigraphic strobili structure studied synangia systematics taxa taxon thalli tion tracheids Triassic trilete Upper vascular bundles vegetation veins venation wall whereas zone