Fungal Biology in the Origin and Emergence of Life
The rhythm of life on Earth includes several strong themes contributed by Kingdom Fungi. So why are fungi ignored when theorists ponder the origin of life? Casting aside common theories that life originated in an oceanic primeval soup, in a deep, hot place, or even a warm little pond, this is a mycological perspective on the emergence of life on Earth. The author traces the crucial role played by the first biofilms - products of aerosols, storms, volcanic plumes and rainout from a turbulent atmosphere - which formed in volcanic caves 4 billion years ago. Moore describes how these biofilms contributed to the formation of the first prokaryotic cells, and later, unicellular stem eukaryotes, highlighting the role of the fungal grade of organisation in the evolution of higher organisms. Based on the latest research, this is a unique account of the origin of life and its evolutionary diversity to the present day.
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Learning from life on Earth in the present day
Essentials of fungal cell biology
First make a habitat
The building blocks of life
An extraterrestrial origin of life?
Endogenous synthesis of prebiotic organic compounds on the young Earth
Cooking the recipe for life
Its life Jim
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000 yrs ago aerosol droplets algae amino acids ancestor animals archaea atmosphere bacteria billion years ago biofilm biofilm matrix biology carbon atoms carbon dioxide Cavalier—Smith cell wall Chapter chemical chemistry chemotons chitin chytrids coacervates comets components contain cyanobacteria cycle cytoplasm differentiation digest diversity dust early Earth ELCA emerged environment enzymes eukaryotes evolution evolutionary evolved Fenchel filamentous fungi formation fossils fungal fungi fungus Ganti gene genetic groups habitats heterotrophic hydrogen hydrothermal vents hyperthermophiles hyphae impact interactions interstellar late heavy bombardment layer lichens lipids living LUCA membrane metabolism meteorites mineral molecular Moon Moore multicellular mycelium nebula nitrogen nutrients ocean organic compounds organic molecules origin oxygen panspermia peptide photosynthetic plants polymers polysaccharides pre—alive systems prebiotic present day primeval primitive produced prokaryotes proteins Prototaxites reactions saprotrophs sclerotia sclerotium sequence Solar System specific Spitzenkorper spores structure sulphide surface synthesis temperature terrestrial vesicles volcanic