Gargoyles, Grotesques & Green Men: Ancient Symbolism in European and American Architecture
The symbols and strange images that we find in our cemeteries, religious structures, banks and in our parks are the same symbols that have been part of the framework of the human psyche for thousands of years. While contemporary man may think that they are simply decorative manifestations of a by-gone era, they represent the fears, dreams, ideas, beliefs and struggles that humankind has endured since we began to walk upright. This book surveys many of these icons and will give a meaning for them both in the context of ancient history and folklore as well as a meaning that is suitable for our contemporary times. Illustrated with dozens of photographs, this book will be of interest to anyone interested in historic preservation, ancient symbolism, the Green Man and the universal application of imagery. Gary R. Varner has written numerous books on ancient traditions, folklore, the environment and contemporary issues. He is a member of the American Folklore Society and the Foundation for Mythological Studies.
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12th century According Ainu ancient pagan ancient symbols animal appears architectural motifs associated Babylonian Barnes & Noble Basford Bear Mother believed Bill Yenne Bridaham Britain buildings California carved carvers Cathedral Cave Celtic Celts cemeteries Cernunnos Charbonneau-Lassay Christian church Christian lore Christian symbolism Christopher Manes classic County Durham craftsmen creatures cultural Cumbria death decorative deities demons depicted Devil Dionysus dragon dual nature EcclesiasticalArchitecture Egyptian Evans evil Exeter Cathedral fertility figures foliate head Folklore French Gothic Sculpture gargoyles and grotesques gods Green Man image griffin Grotesque in French Grundy headstones Helhoughton Hicks horns human Ibid icons Indians Janetta Rebold Keister Legends London mask meaning Medieval mermaids Middle Ages Mythology Myths Native American origin Oxford pagan Pittsburgh Press religions religious represent sacred San Luis sheela Simpson and Roud stone Thirlie tomb unicorn vine Washington National Cathedral water spirits winged lion wrote Yenne York