Galois Groups and Fundamental Groups

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Cambridge University Press, Jul 16, 2009 - Mathematics
Ever since the concepts of Galois groups in algebra and fundamental groups in topology emerged during the nineteenth century, mathematicians have known of the strong analogies between the two concepts. This book presents the connection starting at an elementary level, showing how the judicious use of algebraic geometry gives access to the powerful interplay between algebra and topology that underpins much modern research in geometry and number theory. Assuming as little technical background as possible, the book starts with basic algebraic and topological concepts, but already presented from the modern viewpoint advocated by Grothendieck. This enables a systematic yet accessible development of the theories of fundamental groups of algebraic curves, fundamental groups of schemes, and Tannakian fundamental groups. The connection between fundamental groups and linear differential equations is also developed at increasing levels of generality. Key applications and recent results, for example on the inverse Galois problem, are given throughout.
 

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Contents

Fundamental groups in topology
27
Riemann surfaces
65
Fundamental groups of algebraic curves
93
Tannakian fundamental groups
206

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About the author (2009)

Tamás Szamuely is a Senior Research Fellow in the Alfréd Rényi Institute of Mathematics at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest.

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