Galveston: Ellis Island of the West
While the massive flow of immigrants to the Northeast was taking place, a number of Jews were finding their way to America through the port of Galveston, Texas. The descendants of these immigrants, now scattered throughout the United States, are hardly aware that their ancestors participated in a unique attempt to organize and channel Jewish immigration. From their recruitment in Eastern Europe to their settlement in the American West, these immigrants were supervised by a network of agents and representatives. The project, known as the "Galveston Movement," brought over ten thousand Jews to the United States between the years 1907 and 1914.
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agents alien Alton Line American Jewish Archives arrived in Galveston August Baron de Hirsch Board of Special Bremen Bressler to Zangwill Cable Central Zionist Archives Commerce and Labor December Galveston Committee Galveston immigrants Galveston Movement Hampton Hebrew Henry Berman Henry Cohen Henry Cohen Collection Hilfsverein Ibid immi immigrant inspector immigrants to Galveston immigrants who arrived Industrial Removal Office Information Bureau Inspector in Charge Israel Zangwill ITO Papers Jacob Billikopf Jacob H Jewish communities Jewish Emigration Society Jewish Territorial Organization Jews JIIB Papers Jochelmann July July 24 Kaluzny Kansas City Kiev Kohler letter migrants North German-Lloyd November October Omaha passengers quoting Rabbi recruitment Rock Island Russia S.S. Frankfurt Schiff Papers Schiff to Zangwill secretary sent ship Sioux City Solomon Solomon L Special Inquiry Sulzberger Texas U.S. Immigration File United veston Waldman Whitfield wrote Yiddish York Zangwill to Bressler Zangwill to Schiff Zangwill's Zionist