Gardening for the South: Or, How to Grow Vegetables and Fruits

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Page 131 - ... parts ; hence, the feeble parts being erect, attract much more sap than the strong parts inclined, and, consequently, make a more vigorous growth, and soon recover their balance. This remedy is more especially applied to espalier trees. " 4. Remove from the vigorous parts the superfluous shoots as early in the season as possible, and from the feeble parts as late as possible. The fewer the number of young shoots there are on a branch, the fewer there are of leaves, and, consequently, the less...
Page 250 - It is most readily distinguished, when of middle size, by its fine pink or flesh-colored gills, and pleasant smell ; in a more advanced stage, the gills become of a chocolate color, and it is then more apt to be confounded with other kinds of dubious quality ; but that species which most nearly resembles it, is slimy to the touch, and destitute of the...
Page 132 - ... and leave no production that can interfere with the action of the. sap on it. " 4. The more the sap is obstructed in its circulation, the more likely it will be to produce fruit-buds.
Page 132 - Hence, in leaving the young shoots on the feeble part, their leaves attract the sap there, and induce a vigorous growth. " (5.) Pinch early the soft extremities of the shoots on the vigorous parts, and as late as possible on the feeble parts, excepting always any shoots which may be too vigorous for their position. By thus pinching early, the strong...
Page 132 - When we wish to produce fruit buds on a branch, we prevent a free circulation of the sap by bending the branches, or by making annular or circular incisions on it; and on the contrary, when we wish to change...
Page 102 - ... the tongued part ; then pressing the earth down with his foot, so as to secure the layer, he leaves it without further care. The intention of both tongueing and twisting is to prevent the return of sap from the layer into the main stem, while a small quantity is allowed to rise out of the latter into the former ; the effect of this being to compel the returning sap to organise itself externally as roots, instead of passing downwards below APPLICATION OF PRINCIPLES.
Page 60 - ... used ; while, by a judicious rotation, everything in the soil or in the manure, suitable for vegetable food, is taken up and appropriated by the crop. However plentiful manure may be, a succession of exhausting crops should not be grown upon the same bed, not only because abundance is no excuse for want of economy, but because manure freshly applied is not so immediately beneficial as those remains of organized matter which, by long continuance in the soil, have become impalpably divided and...
Page 132 - By thus pinching early the strong parts, the flow of sap to such points is checked, and naturally turns to the growing parts that have not been pinched ; this remedy is applicable to trees in all forms. " 6. Lay in the strong shoots on the trellis early, and leave the feeble parts loose as long as possible. Laying in the strong parts obstructs the circulation of the sap in them, and, consequently favors the weak parts that are loose. This is only applicable to espaliers, " 7. In espalier trees, giving...
Page 41 - Stable-manure, and all decomposing animal and vegetable substances, have a tendency to promote the decay of stubborn organic remains in the soil, on the principle that putrescent substances hasten the process of putrefaction in other organic bodies with which they come in contact. Salt, in a small proportion, has been demonstrated by Sir I.
Page 133 - ... 5. The leaves serve to prepare the sap absorbed by the roots for the nourishment of the tree, and aid the formation of buds on the shoots. All trees, therefore, deprived of their leaves are liable to perish. This principle shows how dangerous it is to remove a large quantity of leaves from trees, under the pretext of aiding the growth or ripening of fruits, for the leaves are the nourishing organs, and the trees deprived of them...

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