Gardens of the Tsars: A Study of the Aesthetics, Semantics, and Uses of the Late 18th Century Russian Gardens
The reign of Catherine the Great (1762-1796) marks a high point in the history of Imperial Russia. Contacts with the West, begun in the days of Peter the Great (1682-1725), were intensified, and Western European art and culture pervaded the lifestyle of the Imperial court, the landed aristocracy and urban Úlite. One field where Western influence was strongly felt was gardening aesthetics. The regal symmetry of French absolutism was imitated in the gardens of the great Imperial palaces. The British garden tradition, too, found new forms of expression, abandoning the romantic lushness of the English landscape garden for a more austere use of colours better suited to the brief summers and severe winters of central Russia.
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18th century A.T. Bolotov Adorned aesthetics album antique architects architecture Arkhangelskoe Arkhitektura SSSR artists Bazhenov birch Bogoroditske Bogoroditske garden Bridge Cameron Cascade Catherine period Catherine's Chesma Column Chinese classical country house created Culture and Rest Delille Dutch Ekonomichesky Magazin Empress English gardens ensemble favourite fountains French garden patrons garden writers Gatchina genre Gonzaga grotto groves Hirschfeld Ibid Imperial inspired Italian Jardins kilometres Kolomenskoe Kuskovo landscape garden late 18th century Marfino Maria Feodorovna monuments Moscow Kremlin motifs Museum nature Neelov op.cit Oranienbaum Ostankino painters painting palace and garden Park of Culture parterres pattern Pavel Pavlovsk Pavlovsk garden Peter Peterhof Photo plants pleasure gardens poets Pond Prince promenade Pushkin quoted Rinaldi Russian garden scenery scenes sculptures Shchedrin Sheremetev Slavyanka St Petersburg structures Sukhanovo Summer Garden summer residence Temple theatre tradition trees tsarist Tsaritsyno tsars Tsarskoe Selo Turkish Victory Park views visitor watercolour Western