This massively updated and expanded fifth edition is the most complete, authoritative engineering treatment of the dehydration and gas purification processes used in industry today. Of great value to design and operations engineers, it gives practical process and equipment design descriptions, basic data, plant performance results, and other detailed information on gas purification processes and hardware. This latest edition incorporates all significant advances in the field since 1985.
You will find major new chapters on the rapidly expanding technologies of nitrogen oxide control, with discussions of regulatory requirements and available processes; absorption in physical solvents, covering single component and mixed solvent systems; and membrane permeation, with emphasis on the gas purification applications of membrane units. In addition, new sections cover areas of strong current interest, particularly liquid hydrocarbon treating, Claus plant tail gas treating, thermal oxidation of volatile organic compounds, and sulfur scavenging processes.
This volume brings you expanded coverage of alkanolamines for hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide removal, the removal and use of ammonia in gas purification, the use of alkaline salt solutions for acid gas removal, and the use of water to absorb gas impurities. The basic technologies and all significant advances in the following areas are thoroughly described: sulfur dioxide removal and recovery processes, processes for converting hydrogen sulfide to sulfur, liquid phase oxidation processes for hydrogen sulfide removal, the absorption of water vapor by dehydrating solutions, gas dehydration and purification by adsorption, and the catalytic and thermal conversion of gas impurities.
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Chapter 3 Mechanical Design and Operation of Alkanolamine Plants
Chapter 4 Removal and Use of Ammonia in Gas Purification
Chapter 5 Alkaline Salt Solutions for Acid Gas Removal
Chapter 6 Water as an Absorbent for Gas Impurities
Chapter 7 Sulfur Dioxide Removal
Chapter 8 Sulfur Recovery Processes
Chapter 11 Absorption of Water Vapor by Dehydrating Solutions
Chapter 12 Gas Dehydration and Purification by Adsorption
Chapter 13 Thermal and Catalytic Conversion of Gas Impurities
Chapter 14 Physical Solvents for Acid Gas Removal
Chapter 15 Membrane Permeation Processes
Chapter 16 Miscellaneous Gas Purification Techniques
Chapter 9 Liquid Phase Oxidation Processes for Hydrogen Sulfide Removal
Chapter 10 Control of Nitrogen Oxides
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absorber absorption acid gas alkali amine solution ammonia ammonium applications aqueous boiler byproduct calcium sulfite carbon dioxide carbon steel carbonyl sulfide catalyst Chem Chemical Claus plant Claus process coal column combustion commercial concentration condenser contactor containing corrosion diethanolamine elemental sulfur emissions equilibrium feed gas FGD systems filter flue gas Flue Gas Desulfurization gas stream gases glycol heat hydrocarbon hydrogen sulfide injection inlet lean amine lime limestone liquid MDEA mole operating oxidation oxygen packing paper presented partial pressure potassium carbonate psig ratio reaction reactor reboiler recycled reduced regenerator removal efficiency rich amine scrubber shown in Figure slurry SO2 removal sodium sodium carbonate solubility sorbent sour gas spray dryer Stretford stripper stripping sulfate sulfur dioxide sulfur recovery sulfuric acid Table tail gas tank temperature thermal tion tower tray typical unit vapor pressure