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Gastric structure and function
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abdominal abscess absorption acid acute alterations antacids Anticholinergics ascites barium biliary bilirubin bleeding blood calcium cancer carcinoma catheter cause cells cholecystitis chronic cirrhosis colon colostomy common complications constipation Crohn's disease decreased deficit diagnosis diarrhea diet dietary disorders distention drainage drugs duodenal duodenum edema effects electrolyte enemas enzymes esophageal excreted factors fistula fluid and electrolyte gallbladder gastric gastrointestinal hemorrhage hepatitis hiatus hernia ileostomy impaired increased indicate infection inflammation inflammatory bowel disease ingestion intake irrigation irritation jaundice lesions liver meals metabolic mucosa muscle nasogastric tube nausea normal nurse nutrition obstruction occur oral ostomy output pain pancreatic parenteral patient peptic ulcer perforation peristalsis peritonitis portal postoperative potassium preoperative present pressure procedure protein reflux resection result secretion serum signs skin small intestine sodium steatorrhea stimulation stoma stomach stool suction surgery surgical symptoms syndrome therapy tion tissue tract treatment tumor ulcerative colitis urine usually vitamin vomiting weight loss