Gemini Surfactants: Synthesis, Interfacial and Solution-Phase Behavior, and Applications

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Raoul Zana, Jiding Xia
CRC Press, Oct 7, 2003 - Science - 385 pages
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Generating much interest in both academic and scientific circles, Gemini Surfactants gathers the most up-to-date research in gemini surfactantproduction and demonstrates how their propertiesand performance can revolutionize the current industrial application of these surfactants. It surveys the state of special gemini surfactants, including nonionic, zwitterionic, fluorinated, and amino-acid-based surfactants.

Gemini Surfactants considers the synthesis, phase behavior, and rheology of gemini and related surfactants and clarifies the adsorption and surface tension behavior of gemini surfactants at air–water, oil–water, and solid–water interfaces.  The book also details the physicochemical properties and microstructure of aqueous micellar solutions of gemini surfactants and describes mixed micellization between gemini surfactants and conventional surfactants.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Synthesis of Gemini Dimeric and Related Surfactants
9
Models of Gemini Surfactants
37
Adsorption and Surface Tension Behavior of Gemini Surfactants at AirWater OilWater and SolidWater Interfaces
65
State of Gemini Surfactants in Solution at Concentrations Below the cmc
93
Gemini Dimeric Surfactants in Water Solubility cmc Thermodynamics of Micellization and Interaction with WaterSoluble Polymers
109
Properties of Micelles and of Micellar Solutions of Gemini Dimeric Surfactants
141
Rheology of Solutions of Gemini Surfactants
185
Phase Behavior of Gemini Surfactants
211
Mixed Micellization Between Dimeric Gemini Surfactants and Conventional Surfactants
233
Special Gemini Surfactants Nonionic Zwitterionic Fluorinated and Amino Acid Based
253
StructurePerformance Relationships in Gemini Surfactants
281
Applications of Gemini Surfactants
301
Index
323
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