Geminos's Introduction to the Phenomena: A Translation and Study of a Hellenistic Survey of Astronomy

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Princeton University Press, 29 d’oct. 2006 - 325 pàgines
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This is the first complete English translation of Geminos's Introduction to the Phenomena--one of the most important and interesting astronomical works of its type to have survived from Greek antiquity. Gracefully and charmingly written, Geminos's first-century BC textbook for beginning students of astronomy can now be read straight through with understanding and enjoyment by a wider audience than ever before. James Evans and Lennart Berggren's accurate and readable translation is accompanied by a thorough introduction and commentary that set Geminos's work in its historical, scientific, and philosophical context. This book is generously illustrated with diagrams from medieval manuscripts of Geminos's text, as well as drawings and photographs of ancient astronomical instruments. It will be of great interest to students of the history of science, to classicists, and to professional and amateur astronomers who seek to learn more about the origins of their science.


Geminos provides a clear view of Greek astronomy in the period between Hipparchos and Ptolemy, treating such subjects as the zodiac, the constellations, the theory of the celestial sphere, lunar cycles, and eclipses. Most significantly, Geminos gives us the earliest detailed discussion of Babylonian astronomy by a Greek writer, thus offering valuable insight into the cross-cultural transmission of astronomical knowledge in antiquity.

 

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Continguts

1 Significance Of Geminoss Introduction To The Phenomena
2
2 Geminoss Other Works
3
3 On the Phenomena In Greek Astronomy
4
4 The Greek Genre Of Astronomical Surveys
8
5 Geminoss Sources For His Introduction
12
6 Geminoss Country And Date
15
7 Geminos And The Stoics
23
8 Geminos On Astronomical Instruments And Models
27
V The Circles on the Sphere
149
VI On Day and Night
161
VII On the Risings of the 12 Signs1
169
VIII On Months
175
IX On Phases of the Moon
186
X On the Eclipse of the Sun
189
XI On the Eclipse of the Moon
191
XII That the Planets Make the Movement Opposite to That of the Cosmos
195

9 Geminos On Mathematical Genres
43
10 Reality And Representation In Greek Astronomy Hypotheses and Phenomena
49
11 Heliacal Risings And Settings
58
12 Astronomical Applications Of Arithmetic Progressions
73
13 Lunar And Lunisolar Cycles
82
14 On The Text And Translation Editions and Translations of Geminos
101
Translation And Commentary
111
I On the Circle of the Signs
113
II Aspects of the Zodiacal Signs
125
III On the Constellations
137
IV On the Axis and the Poles
146
XIII On Risings and Settings1
200
XIV On the Paths of the Fixed Stars
205
XV Concerning the Zones on Earth
208
XVI On Geographical Regions1
210
XVII On Weather Signs from the Stars
217
XVIII On the Exeligmos
227
Fragments 1 and 2 from Geminoss Other Works
241
From Geminoss Philokalia Geminos on the Classification of the Mathematical Sciences
243
From Geminoss Concise Exposition of the Meteorology of Poseidonios Geminos on the Relation of Astronomy to Physics
250
Copyright

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Quant a l’autor (2006)

James Evans is codirector of the Program in Science, Technology, and Society at the University of Puget Sound. J. Lennart Berggren is Professor of Mathematics at Simon Fraser University.

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