Gender Matters: Female Policymakers' Influence in Industrialized Nations

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2000 - Political Science - 154 pages
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Valerie O'Regan examines the relationship between female policymakers and policy outputs. Her primary concern is whether female policymakers are associated with the advancement of women's issues in the policy realm. Although this question is important in the study of representation theory, there has been surprisingly little research on the topic, and it has tended to provide limited, often contradictory results.

O'Regan's research design and analysis utilizes time-series, cross-sectional procedures to examine the effects of the independent variables on the dependent variables over time, across countries. Data from 22 countries during the period of 1960-1994 were analyzed in two separate segments. The first analysis involved three general policy measures that address two types of women's issue policies--employment and social. The second analysis involved two measures for policy comprehensiveness employing equal wage legislation. The findings for the first analysis are positive regarding the relationship between the presence of female policymakers and the presence of women's issue policies. The findings for the second analysis highlight the difficulties of developing valid measures of policy substance. Scholars and other researchers involved with women and politics and legislative behavior will find the study of particular interest.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
What Is Representation?
2
Women Representing Women
21
Female Representation
22
The Current Study
29
The First Analysis
30
The Second Analysis
41
Comparing Equal Wage Policies
49
Scandinavian Nations
60
Other European Nations
64
Japan
69
Overview
71
Results of the Analyses
77
The First Analysis
79
The Second Analysis
98
Discussion
113

Commonwealth and Former Commonwealth Nations
52
Mediterranean Nations
56
Bibliography
128
Copyright

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About the author (2000)

VALERIE R. O'REGAN is Assistant Professor of Political Science at North Dakota State University. Her articles have appeared in various publications, and her research interests focus on women and politics.

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