Gender Politics in Sudan: Islamism, Socialism, and the State
Focusing on the relationship between gender and the state in the construction of national identity politics in twentieth-century northern Sudan, the author investigates the mechanisms that the state and political and religious interest groups employ for achieving political and cultural hegemony. Hale argues that such a process involves the transformation of culture through the involvement of women in both left-wing and Islamist revolutionary movements. In drawing parallels between the gender ideology of secular and religious organizations in Sudan, Hale analyzes male positioning of women within the culture to serve the movement. Using data from fieldwork conducted between 1961 and 1988, she investigates the conditions under which women’s culture can be active, generative, positive expressions of resistance and transformation. Hale argues that in northern Sudan women may be using Islam to construct their own identity and improve their situation. Nevertheless, she raises questions about the barriers that women may face, now that the Islamic state is achieving hegemony, and discusses the limits of identity politics.
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Abdel Khaliq Mahjub Abu-Lughod active activist African agricultural Anthropology areas authentic British chapter colonial culture Development domestic economic Egypt el-Amin el-Bakri el-Mahdi el-Nagar El-Sanousi emancipation ethnic ethnography example Fatma Ahmed Ibrahim female feminism feminist gender ideology Greater Khartoum groups Ibid identity politics Ikhwan indigenous institutions interview Islamism in Sudan Islamist Islamist women Italics liberal lives Mahdist Mahdiyya male ment MERIP Middle East Middle Eastern women military Mohamed movement Muslim National Islamic Front nationalist Nimieri northern Sudan Nubians Omdurman oppression organizations participation patriarchal percent population refer regime relationship religion religious revolution revolutionary role scholars SCP and WU secular sharia social socialist society status status laws strategies Sudanese Communist Party Sudanese politics Sudanese women Sufi Sufism tion Toubia traditional Turabi Turco-Egyptian University of Khartoum University Press urban veil Western woman women's studies workers workforce World
Page 106 - ... Sudan. Media images presented the new Sudanese woman as sophisticated consumer or respectable civil servant (earlier as nurse or teacher and later sometimes as doctors). By the 1960s the state could point proudly to the first women doctors. However, in the decades following we have seen the growth of capitalintensive economic schemes, the appearance of multinational corporations and agencies, uneven regional development, radical changes in labor migration, ethnic power realignments, and Western...
Page 95 - An Overview of Women and Power in Africa," in Perspectives on Power: Women in Africa, Asia, and latin America, ed. Jean F.
Page 41 - Female consciousness, recognition of what a particular class, culture and historical period expect from women, creates a sense of rights and obligations that provides motive force for actions different from those Marxist or feminist theory generally try to explain.
Page 220 - Sorbo, eds.. Management of the Crisis in the Sudan: Proceedings of the Bergen Forum, 23-24 February, 1989 (Bergen, Norway: Centre for Development Studies, University of Bergen, 1989).