Gender and Poverty in the North
Oxfam, 1997 - Social Science - 72 pages
International development policy-makers and practitioners are becoming increasingly involved in debates with governments and NGOs in the industrialized countries of the North, focusing on appropriate methods of understanding and tackling Northern poverty. The articles in this collection examine the phenomenon of the globalization of poverty and unemployment as it relates to gender identity.
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AFDC American approach benefits Big Issue Big Issue initiative Bracknell Bracknell Forest cent Centre Channel Four Child Poverty Action Community Assessment conflict Council countries Credit Union culture debates Duerr Berrick economic employment ethnic Europe experience facilitators feminist Full Circle Project funding Gender and Development gender and poverty global Hollands homeless ibid income increased industrialised inequality involved John Hartigan Joseph Rowntree Foundation living in poverty loan London low-income marginalised ment Microcredit Network Newitz North Northern context Northern women official poverty organisations Oxfam Oxfam UK participants participatory methods participatory rural appraisal perspective political poor Poverty Action Group poverty line problems programme recognised role Santon sector selling society South Southern strategy street paper vendors wages welfare WIDE Bulletin women living women's groups women's poverty workers young Yvonne Craig
Page 20 - The lessons of history, confirmed by the evidence immediately before me, show conclusively that continued dependence upon relief induces a spiritual and moral disintegration fundamentally destructive to the national fiber. To dole out relief in this way is to administer a narcotic, a subtle destroyer of the human spirit.
Page 27 - To keep out of poverty, they must have an income which enables them to participate in the life of the community. They must be able, for example, to keep themselves reasonably fed, and well enough dressed to maintain their self-respect and to attend interviews for jobs with confidence. Their homes must be reasonably warm; their children should not feel...
Page 26 - Poverty is not only about shortage of money. It is about rights and relationships; about how people are treated and how they regard themselves; about powerlessness, exclusion, and loss of dignity. Yet the lack of an adequate income is at its heart...
Page 20 - The only generalization which it is safe to make about the dependent poor is that they are poor. . . . The differentiating factors are economic rather than moral or religious, social rather than personal, accidental and remediable rather than fundamental.
Page 19 - Census, concluded in 1897 that "pauperism is largely voluntary . . . Those who are paupers are so far more from character than from condition. They have the pauper trait; they bear the pauper brand."7 By the 1900s this fear of the masses was projected especially against immigrants in the cities.
Page 66 - Data of the Northwestern University /University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research, January 1998. Hotz, V. Joseph, Guido Imbens, and Jacob A. Klerman, "The Long-Term Gains from GAIN: A Re-Analysis of the Impacts of the California GAIN Program," unpublished manuscript, Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2000.
Page 65 - It has been a central argument of this book that it is not possible to divorce the rights and responsibilities which are supposed to unite citizens from the inequalities of power and resources that divide them.
Page 66 - Welfare That Works: The Working Lives of AFDC Recipients, A Report to the Ford Foundation
Page 66 - IRP is a national nonprofit and nonpartisan organization dedicated to researching the causes and consequences of poverty and social inequality in the United States.
Page 21 - In a country so steeped in the myth of classlessness, in a culture where we are often at a loss to explain or understand poverty, the white trash stereotype serves as a useful way of blaming the poor for being poor. The term "white trash helps solidify for the middle and upper classes a sense of cultural and intellectual superiority.