Gender Power, Leadership, and Governance

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Georgia Duerst-Lahti, Rita Mae Kelly
University of Michigan Press, 1995 - Political Science - 305 pages
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This groundbreaking collection introduces the concept of gender power as a pervasive but overlooked force within institutions, particularly U.S. politics. It examines the ideological dimensions of masculinity--masculinism--and its pervasive and reinforcing effects. The essays examine gender as a property of institutions, something with deep symbolic meaning, as well as an analytic category importantly distinctive from sex. Theoretically rich, Gender Power, Leadership and Governance contributes to understandings of power and leadership as it provides a new perspective on men, women, and their relationships to governance.
Essays reveal the multiplicity of ways "compulsory masculinity" is imposed upon female leaders who wish to succeed in a man's world, and analyzes the use of interpersonal means to ensure masculine advantage. For example, only one woman in Congress was able to have a direct effect on any reproductive policy; other women experienced sexual harassment by offensive men, which resulted in their being distracted from performing as leaders.
Until now, studies of gender within the field of political science have focused centrally on women. Men have been studied as gendered beings whose thinking has shaped politics in ways advantageous to them, but this volume is unique in crossing multiple levels of analysis and demonstrating the interactive and reinforcing effects of gender power. The book is required reading for political scientists who have frequently been blind to masculinist assumptions and cultural belief systems when gender roles collide with leadership demands for women. It will also appeal to those in public administration and policy, sociology, and business studies.
"An important book that challenges the ways empirical research is done and the ways social scientists think about gender."--Nancy Hartsock, University of Washington
"A very useful book on gender and political leadership that weaves together scholarly research with practical applications and suggestions for change."--Virginia Sapiro, University of Wisconsin, Madison
"A very ambitious book, attempting no less than a paradigm shift in social science thinking."--Marcia Lynn Whicker, Rutgers University
Georgia Duerst-Lahti is Associate Dean and Associate Professor of Government, Beloit College. Rita Mae Kelly is Director and Chair of the School of Justice Studies, and Professor of Justice Studies, Political Science, and Women's Studies, Arizona State University.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Gender Power and Leadership
9
On Governance Leadership and Gender
11
The Study of Gender Power and Its Link to Governance and Leadership
39
Gender versus Sex as an Analytic Category Gender Power and Sex Differences
65
SexRole Identity and Decision Styles How Gender Helps Explain the Paucity of Women at the Top
67
Sex Gender and Leadership in the Representation of Women
93
Gender as a Property Institutional Sexism and Gendered Organizational Analysis
113
Position Power versus Gender Power Who Holds the Floor?
167
Offensive Men Defensive Women Sexual Harassment Leadership and Management
195
Gender Power and Social Symbolic Meaning Norms of Gender and Gender in Norms and Concepts
211
Making Something of Absence The Year of the Woman and Womens Political Representation
213
Hillary Health Care and Gender Power
239
Summary Conclusions and Recommendations
257
Toward Gender Awareness and Gender Balance in Leadership and Governance
259
Bibliography
273

Women Its Not Enough to Be Elected Committee Position Makes a Difference
115
The Gendered Nature of Lowis Typology or Who Would Guess You Could Find Gender Here?
141
Gender Power as a Set of Practices The Interpersonal Dimension
165
Contributors
289
Index
293
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