Gender, Trafficking, and Slavery
Oxfam, 2002 - Social Science - 95 pages
This book explores areas of human experience that are highly complex and which evoke powerful and contradictory feelings among those attempting to understand them. The institution of slavery has a long and terrible history, and many view it as a purely historical phenomenon. Yet slavery remains widespread today, taking many forms, often clandestine. One aspect of modern slavery that elicits particular revulsion is the trafficking of women and young girls and boys into the sex industry, and this is the focus of many of the authors in this book.
"Gender, Trafficking, and Slavery " examines the operations of trafficking and other kinds of "modern-day" slavery, from a gender perspective. It explores the relationships between gender relations, poverty, conflict, and globalization that are driving today's slave trade. The authors provide an overview of what trafficking and slavery are, their magnitude, and their complexity. They introduce the key debates, competing definitions, and conceptual divides within this controversial subject. The search for solutions exposes the weaknesses in national and international legal frameworks intended to protect bonded workers and trafficked persons, and analyzes the attempts of development and human rights organizations to support those at risk, to create alternative livelihood options for them, and to help those who escape to rebuild their lives. The book includes case studies drawn from the Baltic States, West and Central Africa, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Middle East, North Africa, and Western Europe.
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abolitionist abuse Africa Anti-Slavery International Asia assistance Baltic Bangladesh bonded labour borders CATW checked by author child labour child marriages child prostitution context Convention Cote d'lvoire countries of origin definition of trafficking destination countries Dhaka discrimination DMSC Doezema domestic E-mail economic Europe Farzana forced labour forced prostitution forms of slavery GAATW gender Global governments Human Rights Caucus illegal immigration initiatives issues Kolkata Kvinnoforum last checked legislation Madhabi Middle East migration Nepal networks NGOs organisations Organized Crime Oxfam police poverty problem prosecuted protection Punish Trafficking raising awareness recruitment regional rehabilitation risk sex industry sex trade sex workers sexual exploitation slave social strategies trafficked into forced trafficked persons trafficked women Trafficking in Persons Trafficking in Women trafficking of children Trafficking Protocol trafficking victims United Nations victims of trafficking vulnerability white slavery women and children women and girls
Page 32 - Trafftcking in persons shall mean the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution...
Page 36 - Convention the term forced or compulsory labour shall mean all work or service which is exacted from any person under the menace of any penalty and for which the said person has not offered himself voluntarily.
Page 18 - ... the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms...
Page 36 - Slavery is the status or condition of a person over whom any or all of the powers attaching to the right of ownership are exercised.
Page 43 - In all cases the interest of the children shall be paramount. 3. Child marriage and the betrothal of young girls before puberty shall be prohibited, and effective action, including legislation, shall be taken to specify a minimum age for marriage and to make the registration of marriages in an official registry compulsory.
Page 44 - A woman, without the right to refuse, Is promised or given in marriage on payment of a consideration in money or in kind to her parents, guardian, family or any other person or group; or (II) The husband of a woman, his family, or his clan, has the right to transfer her to another person for value received or otherwise ; or (iii) A woman on the death of her husband Is liable to be inherited by another person...
Page 31 - Crime, the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime...
Page 46 - No marriage shall be legally entered into without the full and free consent of both parties, such consent to be expressed by them in person after due publicity and in the presence of the authority competent to solemnize the marriage and of witnesses, as prescribed by law.