Gender, Work, and Space

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Psychology Press, 1995 - Science - 272 pages
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Gender, Work, and Space explores how boundaries get constructed between women and men, and among women living in different neighborhoods. The focus is on work, the segregation of men and women into different occupations, and variations in women's work experiences in different parts of the city. The book argues that these differences are grounded and constituted in and through space, place, and situated social networks.
This qualitative and quantitative study of a contemporary city establishes that many women, especially those with heavy household responsibilities, are dependent on extremely local employment opportunities. Women's dependence on locally available jobs focuses attention on the existence of different employment districts throughout the city. The argument is that social, economic, and geographic boundaries are overlaid and intertwined. As employers locate firms to seek out labor with particular social characteristics, social and occupational differences are mapped in place. Neighborhood-based differences in community resources, occupational opportunities, labor processes, scheduling of work, and cultures of parenting affect the ways that families order their lives and that gender relations are enacted in daily life.
Gender, Work, and Space contributes to debates about the geography of labor market segmentation, to our understanding of sex-based occupational segregation, and, in the close attention given to the construction of social, geographic, economic, and symbolic boundaries in ordinary lives, provides a counterbalance to the focus on mobility within contemporary feminist theory.
 

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Contents

SPATIAL STORIES AND GENDERED PRACTICES
1
CONTINUITY AND CHANGE IN WORCESTER MASSACHUSETTS
27
THE WORCESTER STUDY
54
THE FRICTION OF DISTANCE AND GENDERED GEOGRAPHIES OF EMPLOYMENT
93
HOUSEHOLD ARRANGEMENTS AND THE GEOGRAPHY OF EMPLOYMENT
120
EMPLOYER PRACTICES LOCAL LABOR MARKETS AND OCCUPATIONAL SEGREGATION
157
COMMUNITIES WORK AND GENDER RELATIONS
185
CROSSING BOUNDARIES
222
Appendix
232
Notes
234
References
250
Index
265
Copyright

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About the author (1995)

Geraldine Pratt is Associate Professor of Geography at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver.

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