Gender and Development
In third world countries gender roles are different from those in western countries. This reality is of utmost interest for development policy makers. planners and project designers from donor countries.
More often than not, development projects, sponsored and implemented by western organizations, reflect ethnocentric biases about the sexual division of labour, rights and responsibilities, based on standards from the donor country. Too many projects have failed or not had the intended beneficial effect on those in need, because they were administered with very little insight into gender relations.
This volume deals with the importance of gender relations in crucial areas of development such as agriculture, employment, housing, transport, health and household management, and it underlines the necessity of having statistical materials that realistically reflect gender differentials.
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2 The sex ratio
4 Gender health and violence
5 Gender and environment
6 Gender in rural areas
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agriculture Bangladesh Barbados beneﬁts birth Burkina Faso Caribbean childcare cities conﬂict decline developing countries difﬁcult domestic ecofeminism ecofeminists economic activity employment environment environmental especially factory farm female fertility rates ﬁeld ﬁgures ﬁnancial ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁve gender and development gender differences gender roles Ghana girls global groups HIV/AIDS husbands IBGE ibid improved income increased India industry infection inﬂuence labour force labour market Latin America Lesotho less living male marriage maternal men’s microcredit migration Momsen mothers ofﬁcial participation patterns Plate political poor women population poverty problems production programmes proportion of women prostitution protect reduce reﬂect reproductive rural areas scavenging sector sex ratio sexual social societies Source South Asia Sri Lanka status sub-Saharan Africa tourism traditional trafﬁcking transition countries UNDP United Nations urban areas village violence woman World Bank World Bank 2001 young women