Gender and Jobs: Sex Segregation of Occupations in the World

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International Labour Organization, 1998 - Social Science - 444 pages
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The segregation of men and women into different occupations is one of the most important and enduring aspects of labor markets around the world. This book presents a comprehensive analysis of the levels and recent changes in the sex segregation of occupations. It is based on detailed occupational data from 41 countries or territories from all regions of the world. A number of findings will surprise readers, such as the higher level of occupational segregation in Scandinavia as compared to other industrialized countries, the lower level of occupational segregation in Asia as compared to Europe, and the truly restricted and stereotyped choice of occupations open to women.

 

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Contents

Theories and explanations for occupational segregation by sex
14
Review of crossnational studies of occupational segregation by sex
38
Description of study data and occupational segregation statistics
51
Measuring occupational segregation
68
Sensitivity of segregation statistics to degree of disaggregation
95
1 International standard classification of occupations
130
Description of study regions
138
Occupational segregation around the worldThe present situation
153
Occupations typically held by men and women
250
Patterns in occupational segregation by sex based on combinations
297
1 Extent to which genderdominated occupations
307
Occupational segregation by sex around the worldchanges in
315
Recent changes in the extent to which male and female nonagricultural
355
Recent changes in the feminization of 17 important male and female
373
Summary and conclusion
403
Bibliography
419

onehalf of the labour force is female and that supposedly
195
1 Estimation of adjusted ID i e ID75
202
1 Estimation of adjusting national values to 75
235

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About the author (1998)

Richard Anker is with the Employment and Labour Market Policies Branch of the ILO.

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