Gender Violence and the Press: The St. Kizito Story
Ohio University Center for International Studies, 1997 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 190 pages
On the night of Saturday, July 13, 1991, a mob of male students at the St. Kizito Mixed Secondary School in Meru, Kenya, attacked their female classmates in a dormitory. Nineteen schoolgirls were killed in the melee and more than 70 were raped or gang raped.
The explanations in the press for the attack included a rebellion by male students over administrative mismanagement, academic stress, cultural norms for the Meru ethnic group, and victim characteristics (as assumed in rape myths). Rape had been tolerated at the school, according to press accounts.
Dr. Steeves studied all stories published in three Nairobi daily newspapers and a weekly Kenyan newsmagazine for the year following the crime. She also examined a sampling of international reports. Her qualitative analysis sought to identify "framing patterns" supportive of patriarchal or of feminist ideologies of rape, and the ways in which those patterns have been affected by news values and traditions. Gender Violence and the Press shows how media discourse may allow space for feminist interests within the dominant patriarchal ideology. In this instance, the appearance of resistant views was significant in making alternative meanings available and in supporting women's growing anti-violence activism.
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Context of the St Kizito Crime
Interpreting Press Accounts
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15 July 19 girls 22 July African Alex Riithi analysis Anti-Rape assailants blame Communication context court coverage cultural Daily Nation discussion dominant dormitory editorial ethnic female feminist following the crime gang rape gender violence Global group rape Headline Author Date headmaster hegemony ideology Imanene Imathiu indiscipline international press international reports international stories issue Kenya Times story Kenyan women killed Kizito boys Kizito crime Kizito girls Kizito incident Kizito tragedy labels Laibuni leaders letter male Mass Media media frames Meru District Michele Landsberg mixed schools named newspapers nexis noted Ochieng Ohio University Paper Peggy Reeves Sanday Perlez political President Moi quoted rape crimes rape myths rapists reinforce Reuters role Sexism sexual social socialist feminism society sources Standard Sunday Nation surviving victims survivors suspects Tigania tion Univ University of Nairobi Victor Nzomo violence against women Weekly Review York