Gendering Time in Augustan Love Elegy
Gendering Time in Augustan Love Elegy examines how and why time appears to affect men and women differently in Latin love elegy. Considering the genre's brief flowering during the Augustan Principate, it aims to situate the elegies of Propertius, Tibullus, and Ovid in their social and political milieu. The volume argues that the imperatives of the new regime, which encouraged a younger generation of loyalists to participate in the machinery of government, placed temporal pressures on the elite male that shaped the amator's (poet-lover's) resistance to enter a course of civil service and prompted his withdrawal into the arms of a courtesan, and therefore unmarriageable, beloved. In the second part of the volume Gardner focuses on the divergent temporal experiences of the amator and his beloved courtesan-puella (girl) through the lens of 'women's time' (le temps des femmes) and the chora, as theorized by psycholinguist Julia Kristeva. Kristeva's model of feminine subjectivity, defined by repetition, cyclicality, and eternity, allows us to understand how the beloved's marginalization from the realm of historical time proves advantageous to her amator, wishing to defer his entrance into civic life. The antithesis between the properties of 'women's time' and the linear momentum that defines masculine subjectivity, moreover, demonstrates how 'women's time' ultimately thwarts the amator's often promised generic evolution.
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Acanthis aetas amator amator’s Amores anus argues arrested development articulated Augustan Augustus Aurora beloved beloved’s Callimachus Catullus Chapter chora civic context corpus couplet course cursus cursus honorum cyclical Cynthia defined delay Delia demonstrated describes discourse elegiac love elegiac puella elegists elegy elegy’s epic erotic exemplum experience female future Gallus gender genre genre’s Harlow and Laurence Horace’s human immortality implies iners inertia iuventas Kristeva lena Lex Iulia linear literary lover lover’s male Maltby marriage masculine maturity Messalla mihi Monobiblos mora narrative nature notes old age OLD s.v. Ovid Ovid’s Ovidian Phyllis poem poem’s poet poet-lover poet-lover’s poet’s poetic poetry praeceptor Priapus progress Prop Propertian Propertius puella puer recusatio reference relationship Remedia reminds repetition Richardson 1977 role Roman Rome’s semiotic space speaker status suggests symbolic tardus teleological temporal Tibullan Tibullus time’s tion Tithonus toga virilis transformation Tullus Vergil’s woman women young youth