Genera Orchidacearum Volume 3: Orchidoideae (Part 2) Vanilloideae

Front Cover
Alec Pridgeon
OUP Oxford, Apr 24, 2003 - Gardening - 378 pages
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For centuries orchids have been among the most popular of plant families, with thousands of species and hybrids cultivated worldwide for the diversity, beauty, and intricacy of their flowers. The Genera Orchidacearum series represents a robust and natural classification of the orchids, something that has eluded plant scientists and orchid enthusiasts for years. The editors, who are all distinguished orchid specialists, incorporate a wealth of new DNA data into a truly phylogenetic classification, identifying the areas and taxa that merit additional work. To this end, they have invited several international specialists to contribute in their particular areas of expertise. Each volume provides comprehensive coverage of one or two orchid subfamilies and the series as a whole will be an indispensable reference tool for scientists, orchid breeders and growers. Orchidaceae is the largest monocotyledon family and perhaps the largest plant family in terms of number of species, approximately 20,000. However, for a variety of reasons it remains one of the least understood. The fossil record is poor, and active research has been relatively scarce until recent years, in part because of the sheer size and cosmopolitan distribution of the family. This third volume describes the remaining 105 genera of subfamily Orchidoideae and all 15 genera of subfamily Vanilloideae. Comprehensive treatments are provided for each genus, which include complete nomenclature, description, distribution (with map), anatomy, palynology, cytogenetics, phytochemistry, phylogenetics, pollination, ecology, and economic uses. Cultivation notes are included for those genera known to be in hobbyist collections. Genera are beautifully illustrated with line drawings and colour photographs.
 

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Contents

CHLORAEEAE
3
Btpinnula
5
UQ Cbloraea
7
XW GaviUa
10
Geoblasla
11
E CODONORCHIDEAE
17
F CRANICHIDEAE
21
Cranichidinae
23
Beloglotiis
174
Bracbystee
176
Buchtienia
179
Coccineorchis
181
Cotylolabium
182
16 Cybebus
185
Cyclopogon
188
Degranvillea
192

U Aa
24
Alttnsttinia
26
Baskervilla
29
Exalaria
33
Fuertesiella
37
J lyrosmodes
40
Ponthieva
42
Porphyrostachys
47
Pseudoctntrum
51
Pseudocranicbis
53
Solenocentrum
55
Stenoptera
57
Galeottiellinae
59
Goodyerinae
63
Aenhenrya
66
AnoectocbUus
69
Aspidogyne
72
Cbamaegcistrodia
74
Cheirostylis 11
78
Cystorchis
80
Danhatchia
82
Dossinia
85
Eurycentrum
90
Goodyera
94
Halleorchis
98
Hetaeria
102
Hylophila
105
Kreodantbus
107
m Kuhlhasseltia
110
Ligeophia
114
52 Lttdtsia
116
53 Macodes
119
Microcbilus
121
Myrmechis
124
Odontochilus
126
Orchipedum
129
Pacbypkctron
131
59 Papuaea
134
Platylepis
136
Platythelys
138
Rhamphorhynchus
141
Rhomboda
142
Stephanothelys
145
Zeuxine
150
Manniellinae
153
167 Mannidla
154
Pterostylidinae
156
Pterostylis
157
Spiranthinae
164
Aracamunia
168
Aulosepalum
170
Deiregyne
193
Dichromanthus
197
Discyphus
199
EltropUctris
200
rtf r
204
XU Funkklla
207
Hapalorchis
210
Helonoma
212
187 Kionopljylon
215
Unkesterelh
217
Lynglossa
219
Mesadenelia
222
9 Mesoderms
227
Odontorrbynchus
229
tax
232
Physogyne
236
Pseudogoodyera
238
197 Pteroglossa
240
W
244
Sarrqgkftis
246
Sauroglossum
250
SchiedeeUa
253
Sheptrostachys
256
Spirantbes
258
JWAya
266
Stenorrhynchos
267
Sienkoeltxia
270
Thelyschista
272
KTWte
273
VANILLOIDEAE
279
Pogonieae
285
Gfewfcr
286
Duckeelk
289
IW lsotria
291
7VM
297
Clematepistephium
299
Qrttanis
302
Dictyopbyllaria
304
217 Epistephium
306
2 Eriaxis
309
Erythrorcbis
311
Galeola
313
7ecanorchis
316
Pseudovanilla
319
da
321
Glossary
335
References
340
Index to scientific names
349
Subject index
353
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About the author (2003)


Alec M. Pridgeon is Sainsbury Orchid Fellow of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. He is a Fellow of the Linnean Society of London; Research Associate of the Florida Museum of Natural History at the University of Florida; member of the Orchid Committee and Orchid Registration Advisory Committee of the Royal Horticultural Society. In orchid circles he is perhaps best known as past Editor of the American Orchid Society Bulletin (now titled Orchids) and Founding Editor of the scientific orchid journal, Lindleyana. He has written or co-written 50 scientific articles or book chapters and 90 popular articles, co-written and co-directed five videotapes, edited 11 books including the Proceedings of the 14th World Orchid Conference and The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids, and compiled the Orchid Action Plan for the Species Survival Commission of the IUCN in Geneva. Phillip Cribb is currently Deputy Keeper of the Herbarium and Curator of the Orchid Herbarium at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. He has specialized in the taxonomy of Old World tropical orchids, participating in many expeditions to study orchids in the field. He is the author of several books and over 350 papers on orchids and is co-editor of the Orchid Research Newsletter. He has been a member of the Royal Horticultural Society's Orchid Committee for over 20 years, an executive member of the International Orchid Commission, and currently chairs the IUCN/Species Survival Commission's Orchid Specialist Group, which publishes Orchid Conservation News. He was recently awarded the Royal Horticultural Society's Westonbirt Medal for his work on orchids.
Mark W. Chase is the Head of the Molecular Systematics Section of the Jodrell Laboratory at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. He has received the Cooley Award from the American Society of Plant Taxonomists, the Rolf Dalhgren Prize from by the Royal Physiographic Society of Lund (Sweden), the Linnean Medal for Botany from the Linnean Society of London, and an ICI/Current Contents award for being one of the top 15 most-cited authors in the fields of agriculture and plant and animals sciences (1991-2001); he holds an honorary doctorate from the University of Uppsala (Sweden) and is a Visiting Professor in the School of Biological Sciences, Queen Mary and Westfield College, University of London and member of the Orchid Committee of the Royal Horticultural Society. Finn N. Rasmussen is Associate Professor at the Botanical Institute, University of Copenhagen. He is a member of The Orchid Specialist Group of the Species Survival Commission of the IUCN, the Society of
Systematic Biologists, Botanical Society of America, and Dansk Botanisk Forening.

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