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The lateRoman lapse into planned economy
The Dark Ages until the irruption of Islam
The Arabs and Islam
26 other sections not shown
18th Century agriculture already Amsterdam Antwerp Baltic bank bankers Basques became began bills Brazil brought Bruges burghers cargo centre cities cloth coast coins Cologne colonial commerce Company competition continued craftsmen Crown Crusades debasement demand developed Dutch Dutch Republic East Easterlings economic England English especially Europe European exchange export favour fiat money Flanders Flemings Flemish foreign France French Genoa Genoese gold Gotland Hamburg Hansa hinterland Holland Iberian important increased Indian industry Italians Italy Jews King labour land Liibeck London lords marranos Mediterranean mercantilism mercantilist merchants metal mines monopoly Moreover naval navigation Netherlands North Sea officials payment peasants population ports Portugal Portuguese prince profits Puerto Bello regions remained Roman route rural sail salt sell settlement Seville ships silk silver slaves sold soon Spain Spaniards stockfish sugar supply Sweden took towns trade transport Upper Germans Venetians Venice wares West wine wool Zuyderzee