General History of the World: From the Earliest Times Until the Year 1831, Volume 3

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C. F. Stollmeyer, 1841 - World history
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Page 19 - Moors, divided our globe into two parts, by a line of demarcation passing from pole to pole, one hundred leagues west of the Azores and Cape Verde islands...
Page 90 - Savoy, gained so decisive a victory, at St. Quentin, over the constable, Montmorency (10th Aug., 1557), that all France trembled, and had it not been for the cautiousness of Philip, Paris might have been taken. Yet Henry, supported by the patriotic spirit of the French, had quickly made the most excellent preparations for defence ; and soon Guise revenged the disgrace of Montmorency's defeat by the conquest of Calais, the only place that the English still possessed upon the French soil (1558). Queen...
Page 49 - The University of Wittenberg, recently founded by Frederick the Wise, Elector of Saxony, was one of the first in Germany in which Platonism had triumphed over scholastic philosophy, and in which letters were taught as well as law, theology and philosophy. Luther himself had first studied law ; then having adopted the monk's cowl in a fit of religious enthusiasm, he resolved to search for...
Page 290 - CHARLES VI. TO THE FRENCH REVOLUTION. DEATH OF CHARLES VI.— KING FREDERICK II., OF PRUSSIA.— THE FIRST SILESIAN WAR. ON the 20th of Oct., in the year 1740, died the emperor, Charles VI., the last of the male line of the house of Habsburg, which, since the accession of Count Rudolph, the first of the dynasty, had flourished 467 years, and given sixteen emperors tc Germany. With the exception of a war commenced between England and Spain in 1739, on account of the Assiento, there was peace among...
Page 73 - ... was able to do so with honour and integrity. " Never yet," observes Dr. Von Rotteck, " the old Roman emperors, and perhaps Charles Martel excepted, had providence accumulated such great power in Europe upon one head, as Charles V. inherited. The two momentous marriages — that of Maximilian I. with the hereditary princess of Burgundy, and that of his son, Philip I., with Joanna of Spain (upon whom, however, the great inheritance of her parents did not devolve until the death of three nearer...
Page 369 - Barrington captured, off Ushant, two large French men-of-war, with ten sail of vessels under their convoy. During this period the arms of Spain had been more than usually successful. In America they conquered the English fortresses on the Mississippi, as well as Pensacola and all Florida. But all their efforts, in combination with their French allies, against Gibraltar, proved fruitless; its brave governor, General Elliott, returning their tremendous cannonade with a well-directed and impetuous discharge...
Page 347 - Spain, at length issued, July 21, 1773, the celebrated bull 'Dominus ac Redemptor Noster,' by which, without adopting the charges made against the society, or entering in any way into the question of their justice, acting solely on the motive of 'the peace of the church, he suppressed the society in all the states of Christendom. The bull was put into execution without delay. In Spain and Portugal alone the members of the society were driven into exile. In other Catholic countries they were permitted...
Page 162 - Strafford, alter a most resolute defence before the tribunal of his powerful enemies, suffered death with magnanimity (1641). The Archbishop Laud was also accused and imprisoned. The discouraged king formed a new ministry, composed of popular men, and consented to all that the parliament desired, in general to the restriction or annihilation of the most important royal prerogatives. Besides, the rebellious Scotch were declared good subjects and friends of the kingdom, and 300,000 pounds were given...
Page 327 - ... definitive treaty of peace (Nov. 3d, 1762, Feb. 10th, 1763). Soon after Prussia concluded peace at Hubertsburg with Austria and Saxony, and, consequently, this part of the world was tranquillized. According to these treaties of peace, England recovered Minorca, retained Acadia, in its full extent, all Canada, to the Mississippi, as well as Cape Breton, and all the islands and coasts of the river St. Lawrence, and of the gulf into which it empties. In the West indies, England was to have Grenada,...
Page 119 - ... (1595). The war was continued against Spain alone. It was not until 1598, that Philip signed the peace that was concluded at Vervins (2d May, 1598) upon the conditions of the old treaty of Chateau-Cambresis. In the same year, 1598, Henry published the edict of Nantes, which granted to the reformed full religious liberty, admission to all offices, and several places of security, among others, Rochelle. displayed, internally, a prosperity, and externally, a power that astonished the world. The...

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