General History of the World: From the Earliest Times Until the Year 1831, Volume 3

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Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1842 - World history
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Page 90 - Savoy, gained so decisive a victory, at St. Quentin, over the constable, Montmorency (10th Aug., 1557), that all France trembled, and had it not been for the cautiousness of Philip, Paris might have been taken. Yet Henry, supported by the patriotic spirit of the French, had quickly made the most excellent preparations for defence ; and soon Guise revenged the disgrace of Montmorency's defeat by the conquest of Calais, the only place that the English still possessed upon the French soil (1558). Queen...
Page 49 - The University of Wittenberg, recently founded by Frederick the Wise, Elector of Saxony, was one of the first in Germany in which Platonism had triumphed over scholastic philosophy, and in which letters were taught as well as law, theology and philosophy. Luther himself had first studied law ; then having adopted the monk's cowl in a fit of religious enthusiasm, he resolved to search for...
Page 290 - CHARLES VI. TO THE FRENCH REVOLUTION. DEATH OF CHARLES VI.— KING FREDERICK II., OF PRUSSIA.— THE FIRST SILESIAN WAR. ON the 20th of Oct., in the year 1740, died the emperor, Charles VI., the last of the male line of the house of Habsburg, which, since the accession of Count Rudolph, the first of the dynasty, had flourished 467 years, and given sixteen emperors tc Germany. With the exception of a war commenced between England and Spain in 1739, on account of the Assiento, there was peace among...
Page 371 - ... of the fisheries on the banks of Newfoundland and in the gulf of St. Lawrence, as being frequented and enjoyed by the subjects of France.
Page 362 - ... introduction of a tax, however small, whereby an odious principle would be consecrated. Things remained for several years in this state of indecision. America refused resolutely to receive tea upon which an impost was laid ; any one who would buy it was declared infamous ; and some cargoes of tea, which had arrived at Boston, were thrown into the sea by armed inhabitants of that city, who had disguised themselves in the dress of Mohawk Indians (Oct. 21st, 1773). Several other cities on the coast...
Page 369 - Barrington captured, off Ushant, two large French men-of-war, with ten sail of vessels under their convoy. During this period the arms of Spain had been more than usually successful. In America they conquered the English fortresses on the Mississippi, as well as Pensacola and all Florida. But all their efforts, in combination with their French allies, against Gibraltar, proved fruitless; its brave governor, General Elliott, returning their tremendous cannonade with a well-directed and impetuous discharge...
Page 371 - North and his friends (March 27th, 1782). The marquis of Rockingham resumed the reins of the administration; Shelburne, Fox, Burke, and the young William Pitt took part in the ministry. Rockingham having died soon afterwards, his place was filled by Shelburne. Now negotiations for a general peace commenced at Paris, under the auspices of Austria and Russia. The acknowledgment of the independence of the United States of North America, which was pronounced by England (Sept. 24th), laid the foundation...
Page 206 - Moderate, self-commanding, taciturn, firm, bold, indefatigable, prepared for every great exploit, this young warrior commanded confidence from the commencement of his career. When consternation was general, when the danger was fearfully increasing, this youth showed himself calm, undaunted, able in counsel and action. independence and the hatred of foreign dominion broke out no•where with so much ardour as in the province of Holland and in the city of Amsterdam, where the nobler and the more wealthy...
Page 162 - Strafford, alter a most resolute defence before the tribunal of his powerful enemies, suffered death with magnanimity (1641). The Archbishop Laud was also accused and imprisoned. The discouraged king formed a new ministry, composed of popular men, and consented to all that the parliament desired, in general to the restriction or annihilation of the most important royal prerogatives. Besides, the rebellious Scotch were declared good subjects and friends of the kingdom, and 300,000 pounds were given...
Page 369 - British on the other hand, took from them the island of Goree (1779). Pondicherry in the East Indies, had been previously conquered by the English (Oct. 17th, 1778). All the French possessions in the East Indies came without much resistance, into the hands of England. The war in Europe was changeful. The first naval battle off Ouessant (June 6th, 1778), was without decision. But the English cruisers took many French vessels with rich cargoes. In the following year the fleets of Spain and France united,...

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