General Systems Theory: An Introduction
This book reviews and examines the general theories of systems. It describes the historical background of the systems movement, as well as dealing with some of the common applications of systems theory within systems science.
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Basic Ideas of Systems
A Selection of Systems Theories
Information and Communication Theory
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according action adaptation alternative artefacts artificial basic behaviour biological brain called cell channel communication complex components concept consciousness consequences create cybernetic cyberpunk databases decision decision-maker defined digits electronic elements emergent energy entropy environment evolution evolutionary example exformation existing experience expert system Figure function Gaia Gaia hypothesis global goal goal seeking hierarchy holism human ideas information content information theory input intelligence interaction internal Internet kind knowledge language laws living systems Living Systems theory machines matter/energy mechanisms memory mental methodology methods mind nature negative feedback negentropy neurons object organization output paradigm pattern philosophy physical possible presented principle problem qualities quantum reality regarding scientific scientists simulation social Soft Systems Methodology solution specific structure subsystems symbols systems science Systems Theory systems thinking Turing test uncertainty universe Viable System Model whole wicked problem