Genes and DNA: A Beginner's Guide to Genetics and Its Applications

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Columbia University Press, Aug 14, 2012 - Science - 240 pages
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Covering newsworthy aspects of contemporary biology—gene therapy, the Human Genome Project, DNA testing, and genetic engineering—as well as fundamental concepts, this book, written specifically for nonbiologists, discusses classical and molecular genetics, quantitative and population genetics—including cloning and genetic diseases—and the many applications of genetics to the world around us, from genetically modified foods to genetic testing.

With minimal technical terminology and jargon, Genes and DNA facilitates conceptual understanding. Eschewing the organization of traditional genetics texts, the authors have provided an organic progression of information: topics are introduced as needed, within a broader framework that makes them meaningful for nonbiologists. The book encourages the reader to think independently, always stressing scientific background and current facts.
 

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Contents

CHAPTER 1 What Are Genes?
1
CHAPTER 2 Inheritance of SingleGene Traits
19
CHAPTER 3 Mendelian Traits in Humans
34
CHAPTER 4 From Genes to Phenotype
53
CHAPTER 5 Using Bacteria as Protein Factories
70
CHAPTER 6Genetically Modified Plants
79
CHAPTER 7 When Things Go Wrong
93
CHAPTER 8 Mutagens Teratogens and Human Reproduction
104
CHAPTER 11Survival of the Fittest?
153
CHAPTER 12 Nature Versus Nurture
175
CHAPTER 13 Genetically Modified Animals and the Applications of Gene Technology for Humans
187
APPENDIX A Internet Resources
199
APPENDIX B Glossary of Scientific Names of Organisms
203
APPENDIX C Glossary of Human Genetic Diseases
205
APPENDIX D Glossary of Terms
207
Index
213

Gene Discovery
114
CHAPTER 10 Genetics of Populations and Genetic Testing
138

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About the author (2012)

Charlotte K. Omoto is professor of cell biology and genetics in the School of Biological Sciences at Washington State University. Paul F. Lurquin is professor of genetics in the School of Molecular Biosciences at Washington State University. He is the author of The Green Phoenix: A History of Genetically Modified Plants; High Tech Harvest: Understanding Genetically Modified Food Plants; and Origins of Life and the Universe.


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