Genes and Morality: New Essays
Veikko Launis, Juhani Pietarinen, Juha Räikkä
Rodopi, 1999 - Literary Collections - 199 pages
Most public discussion has focused on those effects of genetic research that are considered in some way unwanted or unpleasant. For example, there has been much debate concerning the risks and the ethical appropriateness of genetic screening, gene therapy, and agricultural applications based on genetic techniques. It often claimed that genetic research may cause new problems such as genetic discrimination, stigmatization, environmental risks, or mistreatment of animals. Genes and Morality: New Essays adopts a critical attitude toward genetic research, on both a theoretical and a practical level. It presents some of the most important problems in the ethics of genetic engineering, including the questions of genetic health and disease, genetic testing, responsibility for health, patenting non-human and human life, and problems related to the disclosure of genetic information. The aim of the book is to focus on real ethical and conceptual issues. Consider, for instance, the concept of genetic disease. As one of the contributors, Ingmar Porn, writes, fear of genetic disease, or anxiety, is not itself a disease any more than fear of becoming unemployed is a disease. Alleviating such emotions is not a medical task to be discharged by drug therapy. The book also examines the philosophical foundations of these issues by discussing the most influential bioethical theories of today, including utilitarianism and principlism.
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TWO Does It Matter When We Begin to Exist?
SIX On the Morality of Avoiding Information
SEVEN Genome Analysis and Responsibility for Health
EIGHT Genetic Information and Care
TEN Genetic Health and Genetic Disease
ELEVEN Patenting NonHuman and Human Life
Notes on Contributors
abortion action approach argue arguments Bioethics biotechnology causal claim competent and authentic conceive concept of genetic Concepts of Health concerning consequences consequentialist Danish Council determine disabled environment evaluative example Frankenstein future persons gametes genes Genetic Counseling genetic disease genetic dissection genetic engineering genetic health genetic information genetic research genetic risk genetic screening goals handicapped child Harris Harris's health and disease health care ethics Health Decisions Human Genome Project Ibid identified impersonal important individual interpretation interpretative pattern intervention intuitions issues justified lifestyle living Medical Genetics Medicine midlevel principles moral theory normal normative obligation oncomouse Oxford patent person-affecting Philosophy population possible potential predisposition present question R.M. Hare reason repertoire reproductive responsibility result right to self-determination role s)he scientific self-determination implies social society specific susceptibility screening things University of Turku University Press utilitarianism value-judgments Wonderwoman and Superman wrong zygote