Genetics for Surgeons
Annotation Surgeons, medical geneticists, genetics counselors Review of leading medical and surgical journals shows that the most frequent area of publication is papers with a genetic or molecular biology component. Some of these papers will involve childhood or prenatal diagnostic issues, while an increasing proportion involve adult-onset single disorders such as neurological disease or familial cancers. In the future, complex multifactorial for polygenicl diseases such as cardiovascular and respiratory diseases will become more prevalent, and already the ethical issues involved are complex and widely discussed. Surgeons need to know about genetics and how it interacts with modern surgical practice. Inherited diseases contribute to a substantial proportion of the surgical workload. Recognition of a positive history of disease in a family will allow genetic testing and precise diagnosis, leading to the ability to presymptomatically screen at-risk members of a family and allow screening and prevention strategies to be implemented.
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Principles of Genetics for Surgeons
Common Surgical Conditions with a Hereditary Tendency
Systemic Cancers Benign and Malignant Tumors
Topics Surgeons and Anesthetists Should Both Know
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abnormal affected Age at onset allele associated atresia Autosomal dominant autosomal recessive BRCA1 BRCA2 breast cancer cardiac causes cell carcinoma childhood Chromosomal location Prevalence Clinical features Gene codon colon cancer common mutations computed tomography congenital defects deletions described Diagnosis Genetic testing disorders DNA sequences family history family members features Gene Chromosomal females Figure gene carriers Gene Chromosomal location Genetic testing Genetic testing Screening genome hemophilia hereditary Heterogeneity exists heterozygous homolog Huntington’s disease individuals Inheritance History Age leukemia location Prevalence Inheritance magnetic resonance imaging males malignant molecule mRNA Mutational spectrum Counseling mutations normal occur onset Diagnosis Genetic ovarian cancer pancreatic patients penetrance phenotype pheochromocytoma polyposis polyps prenatal presymptomatic Prevalence Inheritance Age Prevalence Inheritance History protein recombination recurrence risk renal research basis result Screening Counseling issues Screening Mutational spectrum skin spectrum Counseling issues sporadic surgery symptoms testing Screening Mutational thyroid cancer tumors ultrasound usually variable X chromosome X-linked