Genres on the Web: Computational Models and Empirical Studies

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Alexander Mehler, Serge Sharoff, Marina Santini
Springer Science & Business Media, Oct 1, 2010 - Computers - 362 pages
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The description, automatic identification and further processing of web genres is a novel field of research in computational linguistics, NLP and related areas such as text-technology, digital humanities and web mining. One of the driving forces behind this research is the idea of genre-enabled search engines which enable users to additionally specify web genres that the documents to be retrieved should comply with (e.g., personal homepage, weblog, scientific article etc.). This book offers a thorough foundation of this upcoming field of research on web genres and document types in web-based social networking. It provides theoretical foundations of web genres, presents corpus linguistic approaches to their analysis and computational models for their classification. This includes research in the areas of web genre identification, web genre modelling and related fields such as genres and registers in web based communication social software-based document networks web genre ontologies and classification schemes text-technological models of web genres web content, structure and usage mining web genre classification web as corpus. The book addresses researchers who want to become acquainted with theoretical developments, computational models and their empirical evaluation in this field of research. It also addresses researchers who are interested in standards for the creation of corpora of web documents. Thus, the book concerns readers from many disciplines such as corpus linguistics, computational linguistics, text-technology and computer science.
 

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Contents

1 Riding the Rough Waves of Genre on the Web
3
Part II Identifying the Sources of Web Genres
31
2 Conventions and Mutual Expectations
32
3 Identification of Web Genres by User Warrant
47
4 Problems in the UseCentered Development of a Taxonomy of Web Genres
69
Part III Automatic Web Genre Identification
85
5 CrossTesting a Genre Classification Model for the Web
86
6 Formulating Representative Features with Respect to Genre Classification
129
10 Classification of Web Sites at SuperGenre Level
211
A Conceptual View
236
12 Genre Connectivity and Genre Drift in a Web of Genres
255
Part V Case Studies of Web Genres
275
13 Genre Emergence in Amateur Flash
276
A MultiDimensional Analysis
303
The Hybrid Genre of the Participatory News Article
323
Part VI Prospect
349

7 In the Garden and in the Jungle
149
Use Cases Retrieval Models and Implementation Issues
167
An Exploratory Study
191
Part IV StructureOriented Models of Web Genres
209
16 Any Land in Sight?
351
Index
355
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