Geographical Information Systems in Archaeology
Cambridge University Press, May 4, 2006 - Social Science - 338 pages
Geographical Information Systems has moved from the domain of the computer specialist into the wider archaeological community, providing it with an exciting new research method. This clearly written but rigorous book provides a comprehensive guide to that use. Topics covered include: the theoretical context and the basics of GIS; data acquisition including database design; interpolation of elevation models; exploratory data analysis including spatial queries; statistical spatial analysis; map algebra; spatial operations including the calculation of slope and aspect, filtering and erosion modeling; methods for analysing regions; visibility analysis; network analysis including hydrological modeling; the production of high quality output for paper and electronic publication; and the use and production of metadata. Offering an extensive range of archaeological examples, it is an invaluable source of practical information for all archaeologists, whether engaged in cultural resource management or academic research. This is essential reading for both the novice and the advanced user.
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aerial photographs algorithms analysis ArcGIS artefacts attribute data autocorrelation Burrough and McDonnell calculated Chapter choropleth mapping classiﬁcation cluster coefﬁcient contour data contour lines coordinates correlation cost cost-of-passage cost-surface create database deﬁned density derived described difﬁcult digital elevation model digitising distance distribution edges error example ﬁeld ﬁle ﬁlters ﬁrst ﬁt ﬂow function geospatial geospatial metadata geostatistical GIS packages GIS programs GIS software graph grid identiﬁed inﬂuence interpolation intervisibility inverse distance weighting Kythera Kythera Island Project landscape least-cost paths linear map algebra map cell McDonnell 1998 measure Mesolithic metadata methods neighbours nodes null hypothesis patterns pixel points polygon predictive modelling raster map record referred reﬂect regions regression relationships represent result sample satellite scale sherds signiﬁcant soil space spatial data speciﬁc statistical surface survey Table techniques Thiessen polygons topological total station types users values variables vector objects viewshed visibility