Geographical Varieties of English: Scotland
GRIN Verlag, 2010 - 24 pages
Seminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 2,7, RWTH Aachen University, course: Geographical varieties of English, language: English, abstract: This paper deals with the topic ''Scotland'' and is written behind the background of geographi-cal varieties of English. Thus we focus on the main topics historical development and present day language situation in Scotland, linguistic issues and sociolinguistic characteristics. In order to point out what differences between Standard English and Scottish English exist we take a closer look on the multicultural history of Scotland, which reflects in the many different dialects that used to be spoken in Scotland. French, Roman and Celtic influences made the Scottish language so versatile. This reflects not only in its vocabulary, but also in its grammar and phonology. Another important point is the geographical division of Scotland that also exerts influence on the Scottish language, because people on the mainland and the islands use to speak different languages. Finally we want to show that today there are only slight differ-ences between Scottish English and English English that mainly consider the prestige of the languages and the function of identification, but that there used to be differences in the past that are important to the Scots as individual and independent nation.
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&OXE 0DNDUV 16th century ³6FRWV akademische Texte alveolar ridge Anglo-Saxon Argyll Celtic covert prestige Cumbric Danish language day language situation DFFHQW different irregular distinction Edinburgh EHWZHHQ England English and especial English Standard English example extinct FDOOHG firgive focus form of Scots French Gaelic Geographical varieties Görlach grammar GRIN Verlag hand language Hansen/Carls/Lucko 1996 Hebrides Western Isles Highlands History of Scots ibid identification important Insular Scots Ireland John Balliol Lallans lexemes linguistic issues lish Lothian mainland McArthur monophthongization Morphology non-standard varieties Norn Northern Isles Norway Orkney and Shetland overt Scotticisms phonology Present day language pronunciation QJOLVK rhotic accent RP becomes Scandinavian Scotland GRIN Scottish and Standard Scottish English Scottish language Scottish meaning Scottish Standard English Shetland and Orkney shorter in Scottish sociolinguistic speak Gaelic speakers spoken in Scotland Standard Scottish Stirling tongue took influence Trudgill Ulster Scots varieties of English varieties of Scottish vocabulary vowels What’s words µhoose