Geographies of Obesity: Environmental Understandings of the Obesity Epidemic

Front Cover
Dr Jamie Pearce, Professor Karen Witten
Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., Nov 28, 2012 - Science - 356 pages
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Over the past two decades, rates of adult and childhood obesity in the developed world have risen sharply. By the year 2000, 65% of the United States population were overweight, 30% of these obese. Whilst medical treatment has tended to focus on individual habits of diet and exercise, this approach does little to account for globally increasing levels of obesity, and the external, environmental factors that may be responsible.

This in-depth study assembles the evidence for a geographical explanation of current obesity trends, and is the first work to examine the ways in which environment and living conditions promote an imbalance of energy intake over energy expenditure. The book calls upon the expertise of geographers, nutritionists, epidemiologists, sociologists and public health researchers, resulting in a broad, multidisciplinary analysis of this important health issue.

Cover graphic designed by Georgia Witten-Sage.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Introduction Bringing a Geographical Perspective to Understanding the Obesity Epidemic
3
The Emerging Obesity Epidemic An Introduction
15
Contextual Determinants of Obesity An Overview
39
Food Environment and Obesity Energy In
55
Changing Food Environment and Obesity An Overview
57
Understanding the Local Food Environment and Obesity
79
Childhood Obesity and the Food Environment
111
Childhood Obesity Physical Activity and the Physical Environment
175
Obesogenic Environments and Policy Responses
205
Policy Responses and Obesogenic Food Environments
207
Policy Responses and the Physical Environment
227
Future Research Challenges
249
Residential Environments and Obesity Estimating Causal Effects
251
Measuring Obesogenic Environments Representing Place in Studies of Obesity
277
Recourse to Discourse Talk and Text as Avenues to Understand Environments of Obesity
297

Physical Activity Environment and Obesity Energy Out
129
The Role of the Changing Built Environment in Shaping Our Shape
131
Understanding the Local Physical Activity Environment and Obesity
151
Conclusions
311
Conclusions Common Themes and Emerging Questions
313
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About the author (2012)

Jamie Pearce, University of Edinburgh, UK and Karen Witten, Massey University, New Zealand

Jamie Pearce, Karen Witten, Barry M. Popkin, Daniel Kim, Ichiro Kawachi, Janet Hoek, Rachel McLean, Lukar E. Thornton, Anne M. Kavanagh, Mat Walton, Louise Signal, Billie Giles-Corti, Jennifer Robertson-Wilson, Lisa Wood, Ryan Falconer, Gavin Turrell, Melody Oliver, Grant Schofield, Katrina Giskes, Mylène Riva, Sarah Curtis, Graham Moon, Dianna Smith, Kim Edwards, Graham Clarke, Kirk Harland, Robin Kearns.

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