Geography, urbanisation and settlement patterns in the Roman Near East
This volume focuses on the Roman provinces of Syria and Arabia, above all the lands now within Lebanon, Syria and Jordan. The first articles look at questions of geography, cartography and toponymy, particularly in Strabo, Pliny and Ptolemy. The following sections are concerned with settlement patterns and urban development in the region. In the Roman and early Byzantine periods, the inland areas underwent a gradual transformation, from a semi-sedentary, lightly populated and predominantly rural region, to one of large cities and a network of prosperous, socially sophisticated villages, linked by a network of roads. That change is documented by a wealth of epigraphy from both the urban communities and their outlying settlements (the subject of several articles). By the 4th century, too, Christianity had become the dominant religion and remained such until the arrival of Islam.
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CARTOGRAPHY AND CULTURAL IDENTITY
Ptolemys Geography and the Wadi Sirhan 5575
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ADAJ al-Kahf al-Sham Amman ancient appear Arabia Petraea Arabic archaeological attested Azraq bibliography Bilad al-Sham Bostra Bowersock Byzantine Byzantine period Canatha Central Transjordania church CLASSICAL PERIOD Coele Syria Damascus Dasianis Dayr al-Kahf Decapolis desert early Islamic east eastern Egypt epigraphy evidence excavations Gadara Gatier Geog Geography Gerasa Ghassanid Greek inscriptions Hawran Hellenistic Hisban History ibid identified IGLS imperial Islamic period Jawf Jebal Jebel Jordan Josephus Kennedy kilometres late antiquity later Latin Lebanon Leja MacAdam Madaba maps Marinus military modern mosaic mountains Nabataean northern noted Palestine Paris Pella Petra Petraea Philadelphia Phoenicia Piccirillo place-names Pliny Preliminary Report Princeton province Ptolemy Ptolemy's Qasr recently reference region Roman Arabia Sartre Sartre's Seleucid settlement Sirhan sources southern Hawran southern Syria Strabo survey Syrie TABULA PEUTINGERIANA territory towns Transjordania tribe Umayyad Umm al-Jimal village Wadd Wadi Wadi Sirhan Zenon