Geological Survey Water-supply Paper

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1950 - Irrigation
 

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Page xii - Second-foot-day" is the volume of water represented by a flow of 1 second-foot for 24 hours. It is equivalent to 86,400 cubic feet, 1.983471 acre-feet, or 646,317 gallons and represents a runoff of 0.0372 inch from 1 square mile. "Stage-discharge...
Page xv - per square mile" is the average number of cubic feet of water flowing per second from each square mile of area drained, on the assumption that the run-off is distributed uniformly both as regards tune and area. "Run-off in inches...
Page xv - Contents is the volume of water in a reservoir or lake. Unless otherwise indicated, volume is computed on the basis of a level pool and does not include bank storage.
Page xvi - ... shifting-control method, in which correction factors based on individual discharge measurements and notes by engineers and observers are used in applying the gage heights to the rating tables. If the stage-discharge relation for a station is temporarily changed...
Page xiii - At some stream-gaging stations, the stage-discharge relation is affected by backwater from reservoirs, tributary streams, or other sources. This necessitates the use of the slope method in which the slope or fall in a reach of the stream is a factor in determining discharge.
Page xvi - At some gaging stations the stage-discharge relation is affected by ice during the winter, and it becomes impossible to compute the discharge in the usual manner. Discharge for periods of ice effect is computed on the basis of the gage-height record and occasional winter discharge measurements, consideration being given to the available information on temperature and precipitation, notes by gage observers and engineers, and comparable records of discharge for other stations in the same or nearby...
Page xii - Second-feet per square mile" is the average number of cubic feet of water flowing per second from each square mile of area drained, on the assumption that the run-off is distributed uniformly both as regards time and area. "Run-off
Page xii - Cubic foot per second (cfs) is the rate of discharge of a stream whose channel is 1 square foot in cross-sectional area and whose average velocity is 1 foot per second. Cubic feet per second...
Page xvi - For such stations, figures of cubic feet per second per square mile and of runoff in inches are not published unless satisfactory adjustments can be made for diversions, for changes in contents of reservoirs, or for other changes incident to use and control. Evaporation from a reservoir is not included in the adjustments for changes in reservoir contents, unless it is so stated. Even at those stations where adjustments are made, large errors in computed runoff may occur if adjustments or losses are...
Page xvi - Discharge at many stations, as indicated by the monthly mean, may not reflect natural runoff...

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