Geological Survey Water-supply Paper

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1960 - Irrigation

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Page 3 - Cubic feet per second per square mile (cfsm) is the average number of cubic feet of water flowing per second from each square mile of area drained, assuming that the runoff is distributed uniformly in time and area. Runoff in inches (in.
Page 4 - A similar order is followed listing stations on first rank, second rank, and other ranks of tributaries. To indicate the rank of any tributary on which a...
Page 6 - At some gaging stations the stage-discharge relation is affected by ice during the winter, and it becomes impossible to compute the discharge in the usual manner. Discharge for periods of ice effect is computed on the basis of the gage-height record and occasional winter discharge measurements, consideration being given to the available information on temperature and precipitation, notes by gage observers and engineers, and comparable records of discharge for other stations in the same or nearby...
Page 8 - MIN" give the maximum and minimum daily discharges, respectively, for the month. Discharge for the month also may be expressed in cubic feet per second per square mile (line headed "CFSM") , or in inches (line headed "IN"), or in acre-feet (line headed...
Page 6 - The location of the gaging station and the drainage area are obtained from the most accurate maps available. River mileage, given under "LOCATION" for some stations, is that determined and used by the Corps of Engineers or other agencies.
Page 3 - Cfs-day is the volume of water represented by a flow of 1 cubic foot per second for 24 hours. It is equivalent to 86,400 cubic feet, 1.983471 acre- feet, or 646,317 gallons, and represents a runoff of 0.0372 inch from 1 square mile. Stage-discharge relation...
Page 3 - Information of a more detailed nature than that published for most of the gaging stations is on file in the district office, such as discharge measurements and recorder charts or nonrecording-gage readings.
Page 8 - Accuracy of field data and computed results The accuracy of streamflow data depends primarily on (1) the stability of the stage-discharge relation or, if the control is unstable, the frequency of discharge measurements, and (2) the accuracy of observations of stage, measurements of discharge, and Interpretation of records. The station description under "REMARKS" states the degree of accuracy of the records. "Excellent...
Page 3 - Is the depth to which an area would be covered If all the water draining from It In a given period were uniformly distributed on Its surface.
Page 8 - All independent peaks above the selected base are given. The base discharge, which is given in parentheses, is selected so that an average of about three peaks a year can be presented. Peak discharges are not published for any canals, ditches, drains, or for any stream for which the peaks are subject to substantial control by man.

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