Georges Bataille: Phenomenology and Phantasmatology
This book investigates what Bataille, in "The Pineal Eye," calls mythological representation: the mythological anthropology with which this unusual thinker wished to outflank and undo scientific (and philosophical) anthropology. Gasché probes that anthropology by situating Bataille's thought with respect to the quatrumvirate of Schelling, Hegel, Nietzsche, and Freud. He begins by showing what Bataille's understanding of the mythological owes to Schelling. Drawing on Hegel, Nietzsche, and Freud, he then explores the notion of image that constitutes the sort of representation that Bataille's innovative approach entails. Gasché concludes that Bataille's mythological anthropology takes on Hegel's phenomenology in a systematic fashion. By reading it backwards, he not only dismantles its architecture, he also ties each level to the preceding one, replacing the idealities of philosophy with the phantasmatic representations of what he dubs "low materialism." Phenomenology, Gasché argues, thus paves the way for a new "science" of phantasms.
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absolute knowledge abstract abyss according already anthropology appears Bataille writes Bataille’s text Bataillean becomes blind castration College of Sociology concept consciousness constitutes death Derrida dialectic difference Dionysian discourse displacement dream elements existence experience fact father formation fragmented Freud function Gasché Georges Bataille Gnosticism guilt Hegel Hegelian heterogeneous human Ibid idea inasmuch irreducible Jacques Derrida katabole language logic logos longer master meaning merely monotheism movement murder mysticism myth mythical mythological representation mythology nature negation negative Nietzsche object ofimages ofits ofthe opposition original patricide Pelasgians phantasm phantasmatic phantasmatology Phenomenology philosophy pineal body Pineal Eye Plato position possible precisely primal fantasy produces psychoanalysis reason relation remains repetition represents result reversal Sabianism Schelling Schelling’s self-consciousness sense signifier slave Spirit sublated supra-historical symbolic theogony things thought tion transgression Translation modified truth unconscious unity universe unmythological Visions ofExcess words