Geosphere-Biosphere Interactions and Climate
Geosphere-Biosphere Interactions and Climate brings together many of the world's leading environmental scientists to discuss the interaction between the geosphere/biosphere and climate. The volume arises from a working group of the prestigious Pontifical Academy of Sciences and the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme. The state-of-the-art chapters summarize our understanding of the present climate and environment by understanding Earth's past, human influence on the climate, a description of climate and its relation to the Earth's surface, ocean, and atmosphere, and future predictions of climate variability.
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The Antarctic Ozone Hole a HumanCaused Chemical
Feedbacks and Interactions between Global Change Atmospheric
Response to Natural and Anthropogenic
Modeling and Evaluating Terrestrial Biospheric Exchanges
Global Climate Change in the Human Perspective
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aerosols Andreae Antarctica anthropogenic Arctic atmo atmospheric chemistry atmospheric CO2 Biogeochemical Cycles biomass biomass burning biosphere carbon cycle carbon cycle models carbon dioxide chemical chlorine circulation model climate change climate effect climate models climate system clouds CO2 concentration CO2 sink complex Crutzen decades decrease deforestation distribution Earth System emissions enhanced estimate excess CO2 exchange feedbacks Figure fluxes forests fossil fuel fossil fuel CO2 fraction Francey Fung Geophys greenhouse gases growth rate Heimann high-latitude human activities impact increase influence interactions interannual variations isotopic Jan Mar Keeling latitudes methane molecules natural Northern Hemisphere observations ocean oxidation oxygen ozone depletion ozone hole ozone loss particles perturbations PgC/y photosynthesis processes production radiation radiative forcing ratio reactions regions release reservoirs result scales Science seasonal cycle soil sources and sinks storage stratospheric ozone surface temperature terrestrial biosphere thermocline trace gases transport trend Tropics tropospheric ozone uptake vegetation water vapor