German Hyperinflation 1922/23: A Law and Economics Approach

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Wolfgang Chr Fischer
BoD – Books on Demand, 2010 - Currency crises - 204 pages
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The traditional positioning of the German Hyperinflation within the history of the so-called Weimar Republic (Deutsches Reich) is to declare this devastating event as one of the stepping stones to establish Hitler's Nazi Regime. However, there is little in law and economics literature to explain the colossal acceleration of the creeping inflation in the very short time from July to November 1923 to a massive hyperinflation. This research rejects the standard argument that the sole cause of the German Hyperinflation was neither the lack of sufficient taxation, the high amount of war bonds issued during WWI, the reparation payments which had to be made after the war by the new German Government, nor the social unrest in addition to the political instability at that time. The termination of the German Hyperinflation was accomplished by legal measures through German Supreme Court judgements as well as through the Parliamentarian calculation of the conversion rate Mark to Reichsmark on the basis of valorism and not nominalism, which was not completely fair enough to everyone but an optimal solution under current socio-economic conditions. In addition monetary measures such as those which were instigated by the German Reserve Bank through the implementation of the Rentenmark, a new currency backed by state land properties to re-establish trust, may be an example of how to deal with future hyperinflations in developed and developing countries. Nevertheless the immense acceleration process in hyperinflations still remains unclear and unpredictable. The transformation of an inflationary development into the hyperinflation as a very complex phenomenon, which was undertaken to some extent in this research, could be a further advanced research avenue of the complexity economics in conjunction with research areas like mass hysteria, bandwagon effect, social brain and mirror neurons.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Treaty of Versailles 1919 League of Nations
15
Legal Aspects of Payment of War Reparations
29
The Psychopathology of the Money
39
Chapter5 Hyperinflation 19221923
45
A Mark is worth a Mark
71
Hyperinflation in selected Countries
91
detrimentum or conditio sine qua non
101
Conclusions
119
Political Activities of Contemporary German Social Democrats
125
Appendices
135
References
181
Index
195
About the Authors
203
Copyright

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